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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q



QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2022

OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from _____  to _____

Commission File Number: 001-38599
Aquestive Therapeutics, Inc.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)

Delaware
30 Technology Drive, Warren, NJ 07059
82-3827296
(State or other jurisdiction of Incorporation or organization)
908) 941-1900
(I.R.S. Employer Identification Number)

(Address, Zip Code and Telephone Number of Registrant’s Principal Executive Offices)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.001 per shareAQSTNASDAQ Global Market

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:  None

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. ☒ Yes  ☐ No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). ☒ Yes  ☐ No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
 Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes  ☒ No

The number of outstanding shares of the registrant’s common stock, par value of $0.001 per share, as of the close of business on April 25, 2022 was 41,912,952.



Table of Content
AQUESTIVE THERAPEUTICS, INC.
FORM 10-Q
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
  Page No.
PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION 
  
Item 1. 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
   
PART II – OTHER INFORMATION 
  
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Item 5.
Item 6.
   

2

Table of Content
PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.    FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)

AQUESTIVE THERAPEUTICS, INC.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In thousands, except share and per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
 
 March 31,
2022
December 31,
2021
Assets  
Current assets:  
Cash and cash equivalents$14,736 $28,024 
Trade and other receivables, net19,896 12,120 
Inventories, net4,629 4,038 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets3,324 3,077 
Total current assets42,585 47,259 
Property and equipment, net4,496 5,055 
Right-of-use assets, net2,524 2,725 
Intangible assets, net 38 51 
Other non-current assets6,886 6,903 
Total assets$56,529 $61,993 
Liabilities and stockholders’ deficit
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable$8,496 $8,314 
Accrued expenses4,868 8,736 
Lease liabilities, current926 899 
Deferred revenue, current1,599 765 
Liability related to the sale of future revenue, current1,732 1,225 
Loans payable, current6,563 2,025 
Total current liabilities24,184 21,964 
Loans payable, net47,680 51,551 
Liability related to the sale of future revenue, net60,346 59,059 
Lease liabilities1,710 1,946 
Deferred revenue13,890 7,122 
Other non-current liabilities1,862 2,485 
Total liabilities149,672 144,127 
Contingencies (Note 19)
Stockholders’ deficit:
Common stock, $0.001 par value. Authorized 250,000,000 shares; 41,620,388 and 41,228,736 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively
41 41 
Additional paid-in capital176,833 174,621 
Accumulated deficit(270,017)(256,796)
Total stockholders’ deficit(93,143)(82,134)
Total liabilities and stockholders’ deficit$56,529 $61,993 
See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

3

Table of Content
AQUESTIVE THERAPEUTICS, INC.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss
(In thousands, except share and per share data amounts)
(Unaudited)

 Three Months Ended
March 31,
 20222021
Revenues$12,270 $11,122 
Costs and expenses:
Manufacture and supply4,214 2,757 
Research and development4,773 3,659 
Selling, general and administrative13,021 13,231 
Total costs and expenses22,008 19,647 
Loss from operations(9,738)(8,525)
Other expenses:
Interest expense(1,618)(2,761)
Interest expense related to the sale of future revenue, net(1,861)(3,334)
Interest and other expense, net(3)(52)
Net loss before income taxes(13,220)(14,672)
Income taxes  
Net loss$(13,220)$(14,672)
Comprehensive loss$(13,220)$(14,672)
Net loss per share - basic and diluted$(0.32)$(0.41)
Weighted-average number of common shares outstanding - basic and diluted41,465,798 35,563,275 

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.
4

Table of Content
AQUESTIVE THERAPEUTICS, INC.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Deficit
(In thousands, except share amounts)
(Unaudited)
 Common StockAdditional
Paid-in
Capital
Accumulated
Deficit
Total
Stockholders’
Equity/Deficit
 SharesAmount
     
Balance at December 31, 202141,228,736 $41 $174,621 $(256,796)$(82,134)
Common Stock issued under public equity offering391,652 — 1,360 — 1,360 
Costs of common stock issued under public equity offering— — (62)— (62)
Share-based compensation expense— — 913 — 913 
Other— — 1 (1) 
Net loss— — — (13,220)(13,220)
Balance at March 31, 202241,620,388 41 176,833 (270,017)(93,143)
     
Balance at December 31,202034,569,254 $35 $137,725 $(186,257)$(48,497)
Common Stock issued under public equity offering1,672,104 1 10,196 — 10,197 
Costs of common stock issued under public equity offering— — (306)— (306)
Share-based compensation expense— — 1,507 — 1,507 
Other— — (27)— (27)
Net loss— — — (14,672)(14,672)
Balance at March 31, 202136,241,358 36 149,095 (200,929)(51,798)
    

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.
5

Table of Content
AQUESTIVE THERAPEUTICS, INC.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)

 Three Months Ended
March 31,
 20222021
Operating activities:
Net loss$(13,220)$(14,672)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used for operating activities:
Depreciation, amortization, and impairment727 755 
Share-based compensation913 1,507 
Amortization of debt issuance costs and discounts40 1,184 
Interest expense related to the sale of future revenue, net1,836 3,302 
Other, net(100)167 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Trade and other receivables, net(7,678)(3,374)
Inventories, net(591)(338)
Prepaid expenses and other assets(230)(535)
Accounts payable182 (402)
Accrued expenses and other liabilities(3,963)(2,501)
Deferred revenue7,602 810 
Net cash used for operating activities(14,482)(14,097)
Investing activities:
Capital expenditures(104)(103)
Net cash used for investing activities(104)(103)
Financing activities:
Proceeds from issuance of common stock, net1,298 9,891 
Net cash provided by financing activities1,298 9,891 
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents(13,288)(4,309)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period28,024 31,807 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period$14,736 $27,498 
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:
Cash payments for interest$1,609 $1,610 

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.
6

Table of Content
AQUESTIVE THERAPEUTICS, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited, in thousands, except share and per share information)
 
Note 1.    Company Overview and Basis of Presentation

(A) Company Overview

Aquestive Therapeutics, Inc. (together with its subsidiary, “Aquestive” or “the Company”) is a pharmaceutical company advancing medicines to solve patients’ problems with current standards of care, providing transformative products to improve their lives. The Company is developing orally administered products to deliver complex molecules, providing novel alternatives to invasive and inconvenient standard of care therapies. The Company has five products on the U.S. market, four licensed products and one stand-alone proprietary product to date, Sympazan® (clobazam) oral film for the treatment of seizures associated with Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome. Our licensees market their products in the U.S. and around the world. The Company also collaborates with pharmaceutical companies to bring new molecules to market using proprietary, best-in-class technologies, like PharmFilm®, and has proven drug development and commercialization capabilities. The Company is advancing a late-stage proprietary product pipeline focused on treating diseases of the central nervous system, or CNS, and an earlier stage pipeline for the treatment of severe allergic reactions, including anaphylaxis. The Company's production facilities are located in Portage, Indiana, and our corporate headquarters, sales and commercialization operations and primary research laboratory facilities are based in Warren, New Jersey.

(B) Equity Transactions

Equity Offering of Common Stock

On September 11, 2019, the Company established an “At-The-Market” (ATM) facility pursuant to which the Company may offer up to $25,000 of shares of common stock. On November 20, 2020, the Company began utilizing the ATM facility.

On March 26, 2021, the Company filed a prospectus supplement to offer up to an additional $50,000 of shares of common stock under the ATM facility. For the three months ended March 31, 2022, the Company sold 391,652 shares which provided net proceeds of approximately $1,298 after deducting commissions and other transaction costs of $62. For the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company sold 1,672,104 shares which provided net proceeds of approximately $9,891 after deducting commissions and other transaction costs of $306. This ATM facility has approximately $36,043 available at March 31, 2022.

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying interim unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements were prepared in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“U.S. GAAP”) and with Article 10 of Regulation S-X for interim financial reporting. In compliance with those rules, certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in annual consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP have been condensed or omitted. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements and related notes for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2021 included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 8, 2022 (the “2021 Annual Report on Form 10-K”). As included herein, the condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2021 is derived from the audited consolidated financial statements as of that date. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring adjustments) considered necessary for a fair statement of the results of interim periods have been included. The accompanying financial statements reflect certain reclassifications from previously issued financial statements to conform to the current presentation. The Company has evaluated subsequent events for disclosure through the date of issuance of the accompanying unaudited condensed financial statements.

Any reference in these notes to applicable guidance refers to the authoritative U.S. GAAP as found in the Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) and Accounting Standards Updates (“ASU”) of the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”).



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Note 2.    Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

(A) Recent Accounting Pronouncements

As an emerging growth company, the Company has elected to take advantage of the extended transition period afforded by the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act for the implementation of new or revised accounting standards and, as a result, the Company will comply with new or revised accounting standards no later than the relevant dates on which adoption of such standards is required for emerging growth companies. The Company believes that the impact of recently issued accounting standards that are not yet effective will not have a material impact on its financial position or results of operations upon adoption.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements Not Adopted as of March 31, 2022:

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326), amending existing guidance on the accounting for credit losses on financial instruments within its scope. The guidance provides for use of a forward-looking expected loss model for estimating credit losses, replacing the incurred loss model that is based on past events and current conditions. The new guidance also changes the impairment model for available-for-sale debt securities, requiring the use of an allowance to record estimated credit losses (and subsequent recoveries). The new guidance is effective for the Company beginning after December 15, 2022. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of this guidance on its consolidated financial statements.

In August 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-06, Debt-Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic 470-20) and Derivatives and Hedging-Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40): Accounting for Convertible Instruments and Contracts in an Entity’s Own Equity. This Accounting Standards Update was issued to address the complexity in accounting for certain financial instruments with characteristics of liabilities and equity. Among other provisions, the amendments in this ASU significantly change the guidance on the issuer’s accounting for convertible instruments and the guidance on the derivative scope exception for contracts in an entity’s own equity such that fewer conversion features will require separate recognition, and fewer freestanding instruments, like warrants, will require liability treatment. More specifically, the ASU reduces the number of models that may be used to account for convertible instruments from five to three, amends diluted EPS calculations for convertible instruments, modifies the requirements for a contract that may be settled in an entity’s own shares to be classified in equity and requires expanded disclosures intended to increase transparency. These amendments will be effective for the Company beginning January 1, 2024, with early adoption of the amendments permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact from the adoption of ASU 2020-06 on its consolidated financial statements.

In May 2021, the FASB issued ASU 2021-04, Earnings Per Share (Topic 260), Debt—Modifications and Extinguishments (Subtopic 470-50), Compensation—Stock Compensation (Topic 718), and Derivatives and Hedging—Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40) Issuer’s Accounting for Certain Modifications or Exchanges of Freestanding Equity-Classified Written Call Options. The accounting standard update was issued to clarify and reduce diversity in an issuer’s accounting for modifications or exchanges of freestanding equity-classified written call options that remain equity classified after modification or exchange. The new accounting guidance is effective for the Company beginning after December 15, 2022. Early adoption is permitted. The Company does not expect the new accounting guidance to have a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements.


Note 3.    Risks and Uncertainties

These consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP assuming the Company will continue as a going concern. The going concern assumption contemplates the realization of assets and satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business. However, substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern exists.

The Company assesses liquidity in terms of its ability to generate cash to fund its operating, investing and financing activities. The Company’s cash requirements for 2022 and beyond include expenses related to continuing development and clinical evaluation of its products, manufacture and supply costs, costs of regulatory filings, patent prosecution expenses and litigation expenses, expenses related to commercialization of its products, as well as costs to comply with the requirements of being a public company operating in a highly regulated industry. As of March 31, 2022, the Company had $14,736 of cash and cash equivalents.

The Company has experienced a history of net losses. The Company's accumulated deficits totaled $270,017 as of March 31, 2022. The net losses and accumulated deficits were partially offset by gross margins from sales of commercialized
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licensed and proprietary products, license fees, milestone and royalty payments from commercial licensees and co-development parties. The Company's funding requirements have been met by its cash and cash equivalents, as well as its existing equity and debt offerings, including the Senior Secured Notes due 2025 (the "12.5% Notes"). However, the Company will require additional liquidity to continue its operations over the next 12 months.

The Company began utilizing its ATM facility in November 2020. Since inception to March 31, 2022, the Company sold 7,873,071 shares which generated net cash proceeds of approximately $37,131, net of commissions and other transaction costs of $1,826. For the three months ended March 31, 2022, the Company sold 391,652 shares which provided net proceeds of approximately $1,298, net of commissions and other transaction costs of $62. This ATM facility has approximately $36,043 available at March 31, 2022.

The Company’s ability to execute its business objectives and achieve profitability over the longer term cannot be assured. The Company's on-going business, existing cash and equivalents, expense management activities as well as access to the equity capital markets, including through its ATM facility and under the Lincoln Park Purchase Agreement, provide near term funding opportunities for the Company. However, there can be no assurance that the Company will be able to obtain sufficient additional liquidity when needed or under acceptable terms, if at all. See Note 20 for details.

The financial statements do not include any adjustments related to the recoverability and classification of recorded asset amounts or the amounts and classification of liabilities that might be necessary should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern.

Note 4.    Revenues and Trade Receivables, Net

The Company’s revenues include (i) sales of manufactured products pursuant to contracts with commercialization licensees, (ii) sales of its proprietary clobazam-based Sympazan oral film product, (iii) license and royalty revenues and (iv) co-development and research fees generally in the form of milestone payments. The Company recognizes revenue to reflect the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the Company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. To achieve this core principle, a five-step model is applied that includes (1) identifying the contract with a customer, (2) identifying the performance obligation in the contract, (3) determining the transaction price, (4) allocating the transaction price to the performance obligations, and (5) recognizing when, or as, an entity satisfies a performance obligation. 

Performance Obligations

A performance obligation is a promise in a contract to transfer a distinct good or service to the customer and is the unit of account in the current revenue recognition standard. A contract’s transaction price is allocated to each distinct performance obligation and recognized as revenue when, or as, the performance obligation is satisfied. At contract inception, the Company assesses the goods promised in its contracts with customers and identify a performance obligation for each promise to transfer to the customer a distinct good. When identifying performance obligations, the Company considers all goods or services promised in a contract regardless of whether explicitly stated in the contract or implied by customary business practice. The Company's performance obligations consist mainly of transferring of goods and services identified in the contracts, purchase orders or invoices.

Manufacture and supply revenue – this revenue is derived from products manufactured exclusively for specific customers according to their strictly-defined specifications, subject only to specified quality control inspections. Accordingly, at the point in time when quality control requirements are satisfied, revenue net of related discounts is recorded.

Proprietary product sales, net - this net revenue is recognized when product is shipped and title passes to the customer, typically at time of delivery. At the time of sale, estimates for various revenue allowances are recorded based on historical trends and judgmental estimates. For sales of Sympazan, returns allowances and prompt pay discounts are estimated based on contract terms and historical return rates, if available, and these estimates are recorded as a reduction of receivables. Similarly determined estimates are recorded relating to wholesaler service fees, co-pay support redemptions, Medicare, Medicaid and other rebates, and these estimates are reflected as a component of accrued liabilities. Once all related variable considerations are resolved and uncertainties as to collectable amounts are eliminated, estimates are adjusted to actual allowance amounts. Provisions for these estimated amounts are reviewed and adjusted on no less than a quarterly basis.

License and Royalty Revenue – license revenues are determined based on an assessment of whether the license is distinct from any other performance obligations that may be included in the underlying licensing arrangement. If the customer is able to benefit from the license without provision of any other performance obligations by the Company and the license is thereby viewed as a distinct or functional license, the Company then determines whether the customer has acquired a right to
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use the license or a right to access the license. For functional licenses that do not require further development or other ongoing activities by the Company, the customer is viewed as acquiring the right to use the license as, and when, transferred and revenues are generally recorded at a point in time, subject to contingencies or constraints. For symbolic licenses providing substantial value only in conjunction with other performance obligations to be provided by the Company, revenues are generally recorded over the term of the license agreement. Such other obligations provided by the Company generally include manufactured products, additional development services or other deliverables that are contracted to be provided during the license term. Payments received in excess of amounts ratably or otherwise earned are deferred and recognized over the term of the license or as contingencies or other performance obligations are met.

Royalty revenue is estimated and recognized when sales under supply agreements with commercial licensees are recorded, absent any contractual constraints or collectability uncertainties.

Co-development and Research Fees – co-development and research fees are earned through performance of specific tasks, activities or completion of stages of development defined within a contractual development or feasibility study agreement with a customer. The nature of these performance obligations, broadly referred to as milestones or deliverables, are usually dependent on the scope and structure of the project as contracted, as well as the complexity of the product and the specific regulatory approval path necessary for that product. Accordingly, the duration of the Company’s research and development projects may range from several months to approximately three years. Although each contractual arrangement is unique, common milestones included in these arrangements include those for the performance of efficacy and other tests, reports of findings, formulation of initial prototypes, production of stability clinical and/or scale-up batches, and stability testing of those batches. Additional milestones may be established and linked to clinical results of the product submission and/or approval of the product by the FDA and the commercial launch of the product.

Revenue recognition arising from milestone payments is dependent upon the facts and circumstances surrounding the milestone payments. Milestone payments based on a non-sales metric such as a development-based milestone (e.g., an NDA filing or obtaining regulatory approval) represent variable consideration and are included in the transaction price subject to any constraints. If the milestone payments relate to future development, the timing of recognition depends upon historical experience and the significance a third party has on the outcome. For milestone payments to be received upon the achievement of a sales threshold, the revenue from the milestone payments is recognized at the later of when the actual sales are incurred or the performance obligation to which the sales relate to has been satisfied.

Contract Assets - in certain situations, customer contractual payment terms provide for invoicing in arrears. Accordingly, some, or all performance obligations may be completely satisfied before the customer may be invoiced under such agreements.  In these situations, billing occurs after revenue recognition, which results in a contract asset supported by the estimated value of the completed portion of the performance obligation. These contract assets are reflected as a component of other receivables within Trade and other receivables within the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet. As of March 31, 2022, and December 31, 2021, such contract assets were $1,823 and $3,087, respectively, consisting primarily of products and services provided under specific contracts to customers for which earnings processes have been met prior to shipment of goods or full delivery of completed services.

Contract Liabilities - in certain situations, customer contractual payment terms are structured to permit invoicing in advance of delivery of a good or service. In such instances, the customer’s cash payment may be received before satisfaction of some, or any, performance obligations that are specified. In these situations, billing occurs in advance of revenue recognition, which results in contract liabilities. These contract liabilities are reflected as deferred revenue within the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet. As remaining performance obligations are satisfied, an appropriate portion of the deferred revenue balance is credited to earnings. As of March 31, 2022, and December 31, 2021, such contract liabilities were $15,489 and $7,887, respectively.


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The Company’s revenues were comprised of the following:
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
 20222021
Manufacture and supply revenue$9,171 $6,511 
License and royalty revenue506 2,361 
Co-development and research fees403 438 
Proprietary product sales, net2,190 1,812 
Total revenues$12,270 $11,122 

Disaggregation of Revenue

The following table provides disaggregated net revenue by geographic area:

 Three Months Ended
March 31,
 20222021
United States$11,081 $9,850 
Ex-United States1,189 1,272 
Total revenues$12,270 $11,122 

Ex-United States revenues are derived primarily from Indivior Inc. ("Indivior") for product manufactured for markets outside of the United States.

Trade and other receivables, net consist of the following:

 March 31,
2022
December 31,
2021
Trade receivables$18,619 $9,678 
Contract and other receivables1,823 3,087 
Less: allowance for doubtful accounts(40)(40)
Less: sales-related allowances(506)(605)
Trade and other receivables, net$19,896 $12,120 

The following table presents the changes in the allowance for doubtful accounts:

 March 31,
2022
December 31,
2021
Allowance for doubtful accounts at beginning of the period$40 $40 
Additions charged to expense  
Write-downs charged against the allowance  
Allowance for doubtful accounts at end of the period$40 $40 

Sales Related Allowances and Accruals

Revenues from sales of products are recorded net of prompt payment discounts, wholesaler service fees, returns allowances, rebates and co-pay support redemptions. These reserves are based on estimates of the amounts earned or to be claimed on the related sales. These amounts are treated as variable consideration, estimated and recognized as a reduction of the transaction price at the time of the sale. The Company includes these estimated amounts in the transaction price to the extent it is probable that a significant reversal of cumulative revenue recognized for such transaction will not occur, or when the uncertainty associated with the variable consideration is resolved. The calculation of some of these items requires management
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to make estimates based on sales data, historical return data, contracts and other related information that may become known in the future. The adequacy of these provisions is reviewed on a quarterly basis.

The following table provides a summary of activity with respect to sales related allowances and accruals for the three months ended March 31, 2022:
 Total Sales Related Allowances
  
Balance at December 31, 2021$605 
Provision178 
Payments / credits(277)
Balance at March 31, 2022$506 

Total reductions of gross product sales from sales-related allowances and accruals were $178 for the three months ended March 31, 2022. Accruals for returns allowances and prompt pay discounts are reflected as a direct reduction of trade receivables and accruals for wholesaler service fees, co-pay support redemptions and rebates as current liabilities. The accrued balances relative to these provisions included in Trade and other receivables, net and Accounts payable and accrued expenses were $506 and $2,563, respectively, as of March 31, 2022 and $605 and $2,224 , respectively, as of December 31, 2021.

Concentration of Major Customers

Customers are considered major customers when net revenue exceeds 10% of total revenue for the period or outstanding receivable balances exceed 10% of total receivables. For the three months ended March 31, 2022, Indivor exceeded the 10% threshold for revenue and represented approximately 78% of total revenue. As of March 31, 2022, Indivior and Haisco Pharmaceutical Group Co., Ltd. ("Haisco") exceeded the 10% threshold for outstanding receivables and represented 43% and 34%, respectively, of outstanding receivables. For the three months ended March 31, 2021, Indivior exceeded the 10% threshold for revenue and represented approximately 64% of total revenue. As of December 31, 2021, two customers exceeded the 10% threshold for outstanding receivables which were Indivior and Cardinal Health Inc. which represented 51% and 12%, respectively, of total trade and other receivables. See Note 20 for details on the Company's licensing and supply agreement with Haisco.

Note 5.    Material Agreements

Commercial Exploitation Agreement with Indivior

In August 2008, the Company entered into a Commercial Exploitation Agreement with Reckitt Benckiser Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (with subsequent amendments, collectively, the “Indivior License Agreement”). Reckitt Benckiser Pharmaceuticals, Inc. was later succeeded to in interest by Indivior Inc. Pursuant to the Indivior License Agreement, the Company agreed to manufacture and supply Indivior’s requirements for Suboxone, a sublingual film formulation, both inside and outside the United States on an exclusive basis.

Under the terms of the Indivior License Agreement, the Company is required to manufacture Suboxone in accordance with current Good Manufacturing Practice standards and according to the specifications and processes set forth in the related quality agreements with Indivior. Additionally, the Company is required to obtain active pharmaceutical ingredients ("API")  for the manufacture of Suboxone directly from Indivior. The Indivior License Agreement specifies a minimum annual threshold quantity of Suboxone that the Company is obligated to fill and requires Indivior to provide the Company with a forecast of its requirements at various specified times throughout the year.

The Indivior License Agreement provides for payment by Indivior of a purchase price per unit that is subject to adjustment based on the Company’s ability to satisfy minimum product thresholds. In addition to the purchase price for the Suboxone supplied, Indivior is required to make certain single digit percentage royalty payments tied to net sales (as provided for in the Indivior License Agreement) in each of the United States and in the rest of the world subject to annual maximum amounts and limited to the life of the related United States or international patents. In 2012, Indivior exercised its right to buy out its future royalty obligations in the United States under the Indivior License Agreement. Indivior remains obligated to pay royalties for all sales outside the United States.

The Indivior License Agreement contains customary contractual termination provisions, including with respect to a filing for bankruptcy or corporate dissolution, an invalidation of the intellectual property surrounding Suboxone, and
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commission of a material breach of the Indivior License Agreement by either party. Additionally, Indivior may terminate the Indivior License Agreement if the FDA or other applicable regulatory authority declares the Company’s manufacturing site to no longer be suitable for the manufacture of Suboxone or Suboxone is no longer suitable to be manufactured due to health or safety reasons. The initial term of the Indivior License Agreement was seven years from the commencement date. Thereafter, the Indivior License Agreement automatically renews for successive one-year periods, unless either party provides the other with written notice of its intent not to renew at least one year prior to the expiration of the initial or renewal term.

Supplemental Agreement with Indivior

On September 24, 2017, the Company entered into an agreement with Indivior (the "Indivior Supplemental Agreement"). Pursuant to the Indivior Supplemental Agreement, the Company conveyed to Indivior all existing and future rights in the settlement of various ongoing patent enforcement legal actions and disputes related to the Suboxone product. The Company also conveyed to Indivior the right to sublicense manufacturing and marketing capabilities to enable an Indivior licensed generic buprenorphine product to be produced and sold by parties unrelated to Indivior or Aquestive. Under the Indivior Supplemental Agreement, the Company is entitled to receive certain payments from Indivior commencing on the date of the agreement through January 1, 2023. Once paid, all payments made under the Indivior Supplemental Agreement are non-refundable. Through February 20, 2019, the at-risk launch date of the competing generic products of Dr. Reddy’s Labs and Alvogen, the Company received an aggregate of $40,750 from Indivior under the Indivior Supplemental Agreement. Further payments under the Indivior Supplemental Agreement are suspended until adjudication of related patent infringement litigation is finalized. If such litigation is successful, in addition to the amounts already received as described in the foregoing, the Company may receive up to an additional $34,250, consisting of (i) up to $33,000 in the aggregate from any combination of (a) performance or event-based milestone payments and (b) single digit percentage royalties on net revenue earned by Indivior on sales of Suboxone and (ii) an additional $1,250 that was earned through the issuance of additional process patent rights to the Company. The aggregate payments under this Indivior Supplemental Agreement are capped at $75,000.

All payments made by Indivior to the Company pursuant to the Indivior Supplemental Agreement are in addition to, and not in place of, any amounts owed by Indivior to the Company pursuant to the Indivior License Agreement. Indivior’s payment obligations under the Indivior Supplemental Agreement are subject to certain factors affecting the market for Suboxone and may terminate prior to January 1, 2023 in the event certain contingencies relating to that market occur.

License Agreement with Sunovion Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

On April 1, 2016, the Company entered into a license agreement with Cynapsus Therapeutics Inc. (the "Sunovion License Agreement"). Cynapsus Therapeutics was later succeeded to in interest by Sunovion Pharmaceuticals, Inc. ("Sunovion"). Pursuant to the Sunovion License Agreement, Sunovion obtained an exclusive, worldwide license (with the right to sub-license) to certain intellectual property, including existing and future patents and patent applications, covering all oral films containing apomorphine for the treatment of off episodes in Parkinson’s disease patients. Sunovion used this intellectual property to develop its apomorphine product KYNMOBI®, which was approved by the FDA on May 21, 2020 and commercially launched by Sunovion in September 2020. The FDA approval triggered Sunovion's obligation to remit a payment of $4,000 which was received in September 2020 and was included in License and royalty revenues for the year ended December 31, 2020.

In consideration of the rights granted to Sunovion under the Sunovion License Agreement, the Company has received aggregate payments totaling $22,000 to date. In addition to the upfront payment of $5,000, the Company has also earned an aggregate of $17,000 in connection with specified regulatory and development milestones in the United States and Europe (the “Initial Milestone Payments”). As a result of the Monetization Agreement, the Company is no longer entitled to receive the remaining contingent royalty or milestone payments related to net sales thresholds of KYNMOBI.. During the second quarter of 2020, the Company recorded minimum royalty revenue of $8,000 for minimum royalties which was reflected in License and royalty revenue.

Effective March 16, 2020, the Company entered into a first amendment (the "First Amendment") to the Sunovion License Agreement. The First Amendment provides for the following: (i) inclusion of the United Kingdom and any other country currently in the European Union (EU) that later withdraws as a member country of the EU for purpose of determining the satisfaction of the condition triggering the obligation to pay the third milestone due under the Sunovion License Agreement, (ii) extension of the date after which Sunovion has the right to terminate the Sunovion License Agreement for convenience from December 31 2024 to March 31, 2028, (iii) modification of the effective inception date of the first minimum annual royalty due from Sunovion to the Company from January 1, 2020 to April 1, 2020, and (iv) modification of the termination provisions to reflect the Company's waiver of the right to terminate the Sunovion License Agreement in the event that KYNMOBI was not commercialized by January 1, 2020. The Sunovion License Agreement will continue until terminated by Sunovion in accordance with the termination provisions of the First Amendment. The Sunovion License Agreement continues (on a country-by-country basis) until the expiration of all applicable licensed patents. Upon termination of the Sunovion
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License Agreement, all rights to intellectual property granted to Sunovion to develop and commercialize apomorphine-based products will revert to the Company.

On October 23, 2020, the Company entered into a Second Amendment to the Sunovion License Agreement for the purpose of clarifying the rights and obligations of Sunovion and the Company with respect to the prosecution and maintenance of the patents covered under the Sunovion License Agreement and to provide that, on and after March 31, 2028, in respect of any jurisdiction or jurisdictions covered under the Sunovion License Agreement, Sunovion may terminate its rights to the licensed Patents under the Sunovion License Agreement upon 180 days prior written notice.

Effective as of July 23, 2021, the Company entered into a Third Amendment to the Sunovion License Agreement for the purpose of clarifying the definition of the term "Field" and certain sublicense rights and obligations of the parties under the Sunovion License Agreement, including the rights of European sublicensees upon termination of the Sunovion License Agreement.

Purchase and Sale Agreement with an affiliate of Marathon Asset Management ("Marathon")

On November 3, 2020, the Company entered into a Purchase and Sale Agreement (the "Monetization Agreement") with MAM Pangolin Royalty, LLC, an affiliate of Marathon Asset Management ("Marathon"). Under the terms of the Monetization Agreement, the Company sold all of its contractual rights to receive royalties and milestone payments due under the Sunovion License Agreement related to Sunovion's apomorphine product, KYNMOBI. KYNMOBI, an apomorphine film therapy for the treatment of off episodes in Parkinson’s disease patients, received approval from the FDA on May 21, 2020. In exchange for the sale of these rights, the Company received an upfront payment of $40,000 and an additional payment of $10,000 through the achievement of the first milestone. The Company has received an aggregate amount of $50,000 through March 31, 2022 under the Monetization Agreement.

Under the Monetization Agreement, additional aggregate contingent payments of up to $75,000 may be due to us upon the achievement of worldwide royalty and other commercial targets within a specified timeframe, which could result in total potential proceeds of $125,000. Based on the current forecast by Sunovion of estimated KYNMOBI sales as of March 31, 2022, the Company may not receive any of the additional aggregate contingent payments under the Monetization agreement. See Note 15 Sale of Future Revenue for further details on the accounting for the Monetization Agreement.

Agreement to Terminate CLA with KemPharm

In March 2012, the Company entered into an agreement with KemPharm, Inc. (“KemPharm”), to terminate a Collaboration and License Agreement entered into by the Company and KemPharm in April 2011. Under the termination arrangement, the Company has the right to participate in any and all value that KemPharm may derive from the commercialization or any other monetization of KP-415 and KP-484 compounds or their derivatives. Among these monetization transactions are those related to any business combinations involving KemPharm and collaborations, royalty arrangements, or other transactions from which KemPharm may realize value from these compounds. The Company received payment of $500 under this arrangement during June 2020 in connection with the FDA's acceptance of a New Drug Application ("NDA") filing for KP-415. On March 2, 2021 KemPharm announced FDA approval of KP 415 (AZTARYSTM) a new once-daily treatment for ADHD. During the second quarter of 2021, the Company received $2,000 of milestone payments in connection with the FDA approval and other regulatory activities.

Licensing and Supply Agreement with Haisco for Exservan (Riluzole Oral Film) for ALS Treatment in China

The Company entered into a License, Development and Supply Agreement with Haisco Pharmaceutical Group Co., Ltd., a Chinese limited company listed on the Shenzhen Stock Exchange ("Haisco") effective as of March 3, 2022 ("Haisco Agreement"), pursuant to which Aquestive granted Haisco an exclusive license to develop and commercialize Exservan™ (riluzole oral film) for the treatment of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS (“Exservan), in China and Aquestive will serve as the exclusive sole manufacturer and supplier for Exservan in China. Under the Haisco Agreement, Haisco is obligated to pay the Company a $7,000 upfront cash payment, regulatory milestone payments, and double-digit royalties on net sales of Exservan in China and the Company will earn manufacturing revenue upon the sale of Exservan in China, as the exclusive supplier of Exservan.

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Note 6.    Financial Instruments – Fair Value Measurements

Certain assets and liabilities are reported on a recurring basis at fair value. Fair value is defined as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. Valuation techniques used to measure fair value must maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs.  Financial assets and liabilities carried at fair value are to be classified and disclosed in one of the following three levels of the fair value hierarchy, of which the first two are considered observable and the last is considered unobservable:

Level 1 — Observable quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
Level 2 — Observable prices that are based on inputs not quoted on active markets but corroborated by market data.
Level 3 — Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity, such as pricing models, discounted cash flow methodologies and similar techniques.
The carrying amounts reported in the balance sheets for trade and other receivables, prepaid and other current assets, accounts payable and accrued expenses, and deferred revenue approximate their fair values based on the short-term maturity of these assets and liabilities.

The Company granted warrants to certain note holders in connection with its debt repayment and debt refinancing during 2020 and 2019, respectively. Those warrants were valued based on Level 3 inputs and their fair value was based primarily on an independent third-party appraisal prepared as of the grant date consistent with generally accepted valuation methods of the Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice, the American Society of Appraisers and the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants’ Accounting and Valuation Guide, Valuation of Privately-Held Company Equity Securities Issued as Compensation. See Note 14 Warrants for further information on these warrants.

The Company's 12.5% Senior Secured Notes contain a repurchase offer or put option which gives holders of the option the right, but not the obligation, to require the Company to redeem on the Notes up to a capped portion of milestone payments resulting from the Monetization Agreement. This put option was valued based on Level 3 inputs and its fair value was based primarily on an independent third-party appraisal consistent with generally accepted valuation methods of the Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice, the American Society of Appraisers and the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants Accounting and Valuation Guide. See Note 13 12.5% Senior Secured Notes and Loans Payable for further discussion.

Note 7.    Inventories, Net

The components of Inventory, net are as follows:

 March 31,
2022
December 31,
2021
Raw material$1,437 $1,442 
Packaging material1,192 1,414 
Finished goods2,000 1,182 
Total inventory, net$4,629 $4,038 




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Note 8.    Property and Equipment, Net

Useful
Lives
March 31,
2022
December 31,
2021
Machinery
3-15 years
$19,302 $19,250 
Furniture and fixtures
3-15 years
769 769 
Leasehold improvements(a)21,265 21,265 
Computer, network equipment and software
3-7 years
2,469 2,469 
Construction in progress 1,214 1,162 
  45,019 44,915 
Less: accumulated depreciation and amortization (40,523)(39,860)
Total property and equipment, net $4,496 $5,055 

(a)Leasehold improvements are amortized over the shorter of the lease term or their estimated useful lives.

Total depreciation, amortization, and impairment related to property and equipment was $714 and $743 for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.

Note 9.    Right-of-Use Assets and Lease Obligations

The Company leases all realty used as its production and warehouse facilities, corporate headquarters, commercialization operations center and research and laboratory facilities. None of these three leases include the characteristics specified in ASC 842, Leases, that require classification as financing leases and, accordingly, these leases are accounted for as operating leases. These leases provide remaining terms between 1.0 and 4.5 years, including renewal options expected to be exercised to extend the lease periods.

The Company does not recognize a right-to use asset and lease liability for short-term leases, which have terms of 12 months or less on its consolidated balance sheet. For longer-term lease arrangements that are recognized on the Company's consolidated balance sheet, the right-of-use asset and lease liability is initially measured at the commencement date based upon the present value of the lease payments due under the lease. These payments represent the combination of the fixed lease and fixed non-lease components that are due under the arrangement. The costs of associated with the Company's short-term leases, as well as variable costs relating to the Company's lease arrangements, are not material to the consolidated financial results.

The implicit interest rates of the Company's lease arrangements are generally not readily determinable and as such, the Company applies an incremental borrowing rate, which is established based upon the information available at the lease commencement date, to determine the present value of lease payments due under an arrangement. Measurement of the operating lease liability reflects an estimated discount rate of 16.9% applied to minimum lease payments, including expected renewals, based on the incremental borrowing rate experienced in the Company’s collateralized debt refinancing.

Right-of-use assets recorded upon adoption of ASC 842 totaled $4,048. The Company's lease costs are recorded in manufacture and supply, research and development and selling, general and administrative expenses in its consolidated statements of income. For the three-months ended March 31, 2022, total operating lease expenses totaled $419, including variable lease expenses such as common area maintenance and operating costs of $96. For the three-months ended March 31, 2021, total operating lease expenses totaled $433, including variable lease expenses such as common area maintenance and operating costs of $119.

Maturities of the Company’s operating lease liabilities are as follows:

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Remainder of 2022$972 
2023944 
2024565 
2025565 
2026424 
Total future lease payments3,470 
Less: imputed interest(834)
Total operating lease liabilities$2,636 

Note 10.    Intangible Assets, Net

The following table provides the components of identifiable intangible assets, all of which are finite lived:

 March 31,
2022
December 31,
2021
Purchased technology-based intangible$2,358 $2,358 
Purchased patent509 509 
 2,867 2,867 
Less: accumulated amortization(2,829)(2,816)
Intangible assets, net38 51 

Amortization expense was $13 and $13 for each of the three-month periods ended March 31, 2022 and 2021. During the remaining life of the purchased patent, estimated annual amortization expense is $50 in 2022. 

Note 11.    Other non-current Assets

The following table provides the components of other non-current assets:

 March 31,
2022
December 31,
2021
Royalty receivable6,000 6,000 
Other 886 903 
Total other non-current assets$6,886 $6,903 

During the second quarter of 2020, under the Sunovion License Agreement, the Company recognized $8,000 of royalty revenue and corresponding royalty receivable, related to the eight $1,000 annual minimum guaranteed royalty that is due. In connection with the Monetization Agreement, the Company performed an assessment under ASC 860 Transfer and Servicing to determine whether the existing receivable was transferred to Marathon and concluded it was not transferred. Royalty receivable consists of six annual minimum payments due from Sunovion, the last of which is due in March 2028. The current portion of the royalty receivable is included in Trade and other receivables, net. See Note 15 Sale of Future Revenue for further details on how this receivable relates to the Monetization Agreement transaction.

Note 12.    Accrued Expenses

Accrued expenses consisted of the following:

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 March 31,
2022
December 31,
2021
Accrued compensation$1,600 $5,965 
Real estate and personal property taxes469 349 
Accrued distribution expenses2,563 2,224 
Other236 198 
Total accrued expenses$4,868 $8,736 

Note 13.    12.5 % Senior Secured Notes and Loans Payable

12.5% Senior Secured Notes

On July 15, 2019, the Company completed a private placement of up to $100,000 aggregate principal of its 12.5% Senior Secured Notes due 2025 (the “12.5% Notes”) and issued warrants for 2,000,000 shares of common stock (the “Warrants”), at $0.001 par value per share.

Upon closing of the indenture for the 12.5% Notes (the "Base Indenture"), the Company issued $70,000 of the 12.5% Notes (the “Initial Notes”) along with the Warrants and rights of first offer (the “First Offer Rights”) to the noteholders participating in this transaction.  Issuance of the Initial Notes and Warrants provided net proceeds of $66,082.

On November 3, 2020, the Company entered into the First Supplemental Indenture (the "First Supplemental Indenture" and, together with all other subsequent supplemental indentures and the Base Indenture, collectively, the "Indenture") by and among the Company and U.S. Bank National Association, as Trustee (the "Trustee") and Collateral Agent thereunder to the Base Indenture, by and between the Company and the Trustee. Under the Second Supplemental Indenture, the Company repaid $22,500 of its $70,000 outstanding 12.5% Notes from the upfront proceeds received under the Monetization Agreement. Further, the Company entered into an additional Purchase Agreement with its lenders whereby the Company issued in aggregate $4,000 of additional 12.5% Notes (the "Additional Notes") in lieu of paying a prepayment premium to two lenders on the early repayment of the 12.5% Notes discussed above. The result of these two transactions reduced the net balance of the Company's 12.5% Senior Notes outstanding in the aggregate to $51,500 at December 31, 2020, and such aggregate principal amount remains outstanding as of March 31, 2022. The $4,000 principal issuance will be repaid proportionally over the same maturities as the other 12.5% Notes. The Company also paid to one of its lenders a $2,250 premium as result of the early retirement of debt.

The Company accounted for the $22,500 debt repayment as a debt modification of the 12.5% Notes. The fees paid to lenders inclusive of (i) $2,250 early premium prepayment and (ii) $4,000 issuance of Additional Notes in lieu of paying a prepayment penalty were recorded as additional debt discount, amortized over the remaining life of the 12.5% Notes using the effective interest method. Loan origination costs of $220 associated with the Additional Notes were expensed as incurred. Existing deferred discounts and loan origination fees on the 12.5% Notes are amortized as an adjustment of interest expense over the remaining term of modified debt using the effective interest method.

The First Supplemental Indenture contains a provision whereby, as the Company receives any cash proceeds from the Monetization Agreement, each noteholder has the right to require the Company to redeem all or any part of such noteholder's outstanding 12.5% Notes at a repurchase price in cash equal to 112.5% of the principal amount, plus accrued and unpaid interest. This repurchase offer is capped at 30% of the cash proceeds received by the Company as the contingent milestones are attained, if any, up through June 30, 2025. A valuation study was performed by an independent third party appraiser and updated as of March 31, 2022. Based on the valuation study, the put option was valued at $133, of which $33 has been recorded in Accrued expenses and $100 has been recorded in Other non-current liabilities. The embedded put option is deemed to be a derivative under ASC 815 Derivatives and Hedging, which requires the recording of the embedded put option at fair value and subject to remeasurement at each reporting period. In addition, as of the closing of this transaction, the Company issued to the holders of the 12.5% Notes warrants to purchase 143,000 shares of its common stock.

On August 6, 2021, pursuant to the Third Supplemental Indenture, the holders of the 12.5% Notes extended to June 30, 2022 from December 31, 2021, the Company's ability to access, at the Company's option, $30,000 of 12.5% Notes re-openers under the Indenture. The first $10,000 of 12.5% Notes represents a commitment of such amount by current holders of 12.5% Notes, at the option of the Company, contingent upon FDA approval of the Company's product candidate Libervant (diazepam) Buccal Film for the management of seizure clusters. A second $20,000 12.5% Notes re-opener represents a right, at the Company's option, to market to current holders of the Company's 12.5% Notes, and or other lenders, additional 12.5% Notes up
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to such amount, contingent upon FDA approval of Libervant for U.S. market access. If and to the extent that the Company accesses these re-openers, it will grant warrants to purchase up to 714,000 shares of common stock, with the strike price calculated based on the 30-day volume weighted average closing price of the Company's common stock at the warrant grant date.

The 12.5% Notes provide a stated fixed interest rate of 12.5%, payable quarterly in arrears, with the initial quarterly principal repayment of 12.5% Notes due on September 30, 2021 and the final quarterly payment due at maturity on June 30, 2025. Principal payments are scheduled to increase annually from 10% of the face amount of the debt then outstanding during the first four quarters to 40% of the 12.5% Notes during the final four quarters. As of March 31, 2022, the Company recorded its principal payments as Loans payable, net on its Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet.

A debt maturity table is presented below:

Remainder of 2022$ 
202318,025 
202421,888 
202511,587 
Total$51,500 

The Company may elect, at its option, to redeem the 12.5% Notes at any time at premiums that range from 101.56% of outstanding principal if prepayment occurs on or after the fifth anniversary of the issue date of the Initial Notes to 112.50% if payment occurs during the third year after the issuance of the Notes. The Indenture also includes change of control provisions under which the Company may be required to redeem the 12.5% Notes at 101% of the remaining principal plus accrued interest at the election of the noteholders.

On September 30, 2021, the Company entered into a waiver agreement (the “Waiver”) with the holders of the 12.5% Notes pursuant to which the principal payment due under the 12.5% Notes on September 30, 2021 was deferred in order to provide sufficient time for the finalization and execution of the Fourth Supplemental Indenture (the “Fourth Supplemental Indenture”).

On October 7, 2021, the Company entered into the Fourth Supplemental Indenture by and among the Company and U.S. Bank National Association, as Trustee (the “Trustee”) and collateral agent thereunder, to the Indenture, dated as of July 15, 2019 (the “Base Indenture” and, as supplemented by the First Supplemental Indenture, the Second Supplemental Indenture, and the Third Supplemental Indenture, the “Indenture”), by and between the Company and the Trustee in connection with the 12.5% Senior Secured Notes due 2025 of the Company (the “Notes”). Pursuant to the Fourth Supplemental Indenture, the amortization schedule for the Notes has been amended to provide for the date of the first amortization payment to be extended to March 30, 2023. The Fourth Supplemental Indenture did not change the maturity date of the Notes or the interest payment obligation due under the Notes. In connection with the Fourth Supplemental Indenture, the Company entered into a Consent Fee Letter with the holders of the Notes (the “Consent Fee Letter”), pursuant to which the Company has agreed to pay the holders of the Notes an additional cash payment ("Consent Fee") of $2,700 in the aggregate, payable in four quarterly payments beginning May 15, 2022. The Company has recorded the current portion of the Consent Fee as Loans payable, current, and the long-term portion of the Consent Fee as Other non-current liabilities on its Consolidated Balance Sheet. Additionally, the Company recognized a loss on the extinguishment of debt of $13,822 for fees and expenses related to the Fourth Supplemental Indenture during the fourth quarter of 2021.

The Company capitalizes legal and other third-party costs incurred in connection with obtaining debt as deferred debt issuance costs and applies the unamortized portion as a reduction of the outstanding face amount of the related loan. Similarly, the Company amortizes debt discounts, such as those represented by warrants issued to its lenders, and offsets those as a direct reduction of its outstanding debt. Amortization expense arising from deferred debt issuance costs and debt discounts related to the 12.5% Notes for the three months ended March 31, 2022 were $4, while comparative amortization expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2021 were $1,152. Unamortized deferred debt issuance costs and deferred debt discounts totaled $39 and $43 as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively.

Collateral for the loan under the 12.5% Notes consists of a first priority lien on substantially all property and assets, including intellectual property of the Company. This secured obligation provides payment rights that are senior to all existing and future subordinated indebtedness of the Company and provides Lenders with perfected security interests in substantially all of the Company’s assets.
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Note 14.    Warrants

Warrants that were issued in conjunction with the Initial Notes (the “Initial Warrants”) and Additional Notes (the “Additional Warrants”) expire on June 30, 2025 and entitle the noteholders to purchase up to 2,143,000 shares of the Company's common stock at $0.001 per share and included specified registration rights. Management estimated the fair value of the Initial Warrants to be $6,800 and the Additional Warrants to be $735, each based on an assessment by an independent third-party appraiser.

The fair value of the respective warrants is treated as a debt discount, amortizable over the term of the respective warrants, with the unamortized 12.5% Notes portion applied to reduce the aggregate principal amount of the 12.5% Notes in the Company’s unaudited condensed balance sheet. Additionally, since the warrants issued do not provide warrant redemption or put rights within the control of the holders that could require the Company to make a payment of cash or other assets to satisfy the obligations under the warrants, except in the case of a “cash change in control”, the fair value attributed to the warrants is presented in Additional Paid-in Capital in Company’s unaudited condensed balance sheet. There were no warrants exercised during the three-months ended March 31, 2022 or 2021, respectively.


Note 15.    Sale of Future Revenue

On November 3, 2020, the Company entered into the Monetization Agreement with Marathon. Under the terms of the Monetization Agreement, the Company sold all of its contractual rights to receive royalties and milestone payments due under the Sunovion License Agreement related to Sunovion's apomorphine product, KYNMOBI®. KYNMOBI, an apomorphine film therapy for the treatment of off episodes in Parkinson’s disease patients, received approval from the FDA on May 21, 2020. In exchange for the sale of these rights, the Company received an upfront payment of $40,000 and an additional payment of $10,000 through the achievement of the first milestone. The Company has received an aggregate amount of $50,000 through March 31, 2022 under the Monetization Agreement.

Under the Monetization Agreement, additional aggregate contingent payments of up to $75,000 may be due to the Company upon the achievement of worldwide royalty and other commercial targets within a specified timeframe, which could result in total potential proceeds of $125,000.

The Company recorded the upfront proceeds of $40,000 and subsequent first milestone of $10,000, reduced by $2,909 of transaction costs, as a liability related to the sale of future revenue that will be amortized using the effective interest method over the life of the Monetization Agreement. As future contingent payments are received, they will increase the balance of the liability related to the sale of future revenue. Although the Company sold all of its rights to receive royalties and milestones, as a result of ongoing obligations related to the generation of these royalties, the Company will account for these royalties as revenue. Its ongoing obligations include the maintenance and defense of the intellectual property and to provide assistance to Marathon in executing a new license agreement for KYNMOBI in the event Sunovion terminates the Sunovion License Agreement in one or more jurisdictions of the licensed territory under the Sunovion License Agreement. The accounting liabilities, as adjusted over time, resulting from this transaction and any non-cash interest expenses associated to those liabilities do not and will not represent any obligation to pay or any potential future use of cash.

During the second quarter of 2020, under the Sunovion License Agreement, the Company recognized $8,000 of royalty revenue and corresponding royalty receivable, related to the $1,000 annual minimum guaranteed royalty that is due in each of the next eight years. In connection with the Monetization Agreement, the Company performed an assessment under ASC 860, Transfer and Servicing to determine whether the existing receivable was transferred to Marathon and concluded that the receivable was not transferred.

As royalties are remitted to Marathon from Sunovion, the collection of the royalty receivable and balance of the liability related to the sale of future revenue will be effectively repaid over the life of the agreement. In order to determine the amortization of the liability related to the sale of future revenue, the Company is required to estimate the total amount of future royalty and milestone payments to Marathon over the life of the Monetization Agreement and contingent milestone payments from Marathon to the Company. The sum of future royalty payments less the $50,000 in proceeds received and future contingent payments will be recorded as interest expense over the life of the Monetization Agreement. At execution, the estimate of this total interest expense resulted in an effective annual interest rate of approximately 24.9%. This estimate contains significant assumptions that impact both the amount recorded at execution and the interest expense that will be recognized over the life of the Monetization Agreement. The Company will periodically assess the estimated royalty and milestone payments to Marathon from Sunovion and contingent milestone payments from Marathon to the Company. To the extent the amount or timing of such payments is materially different from the original estimates, an adjustment will be recorded
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prospectively to increase or decrease interest expense. There are a number of factors that could materially affect the amount and timing of royalty and milestone payments to Marathon from Sunovion, and correspondingly, the amount of interest expense recorded by the Company, most of which are not under the Company's control. Such factors include, but are not limited to, changing standards of care, the initiation of competing products, manufacturing or other delays, generic competition, intellectual property matters, adverse events that result in government health authority imposed restrictions on the use of products, significant changes in foreign exchange rates as the royalties remitted to Marathon are made in U.S. dollars (USD) while a portion of the underlying sales of KYNMOBI will be made in currencies other than USD, and other events or circumstances that are not currently foreseen. Changes to any of these factors could result in increases or decreases to both royalty revenue and interest expense related to the sale of future revenue. Based on the current forecast by Sunovion of estimated KYNMOBI sales as of March 31, 2022, the Company may not receive any of the additional aggregate contingent payments under the Monetization Agreement.

The following table shows the activity of the liability related to the sale of future for the three months ended March 31, 2022:
Liability related to the sale of future revenue, net at December 31, 2021
$60,284 
Royalties related to the sale of future revenue(92)
Amortization of issuance costs50 
Interest expense related to the sale of future revenue1,836 
Liability related to the sale of future revenue, net (includes current portion of $1,732)
$62,078 


Note 16.    Net Loss Per Share


Basic net loss per share is calculated by dividing net loss by the weighted-average number of common shares.

As a result of the Company’s net loss incurred for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, all potentially dilutive instruments outstanding would have anti-dilutive effects on per-share calculations for the periods.  Therefore, basic and diluted net loss per share were the same for all periods presented as reflected below.


 Three Months Ended
March 31,
 20222021
Numerator:
Net loss$(13,220)$(14,672)
Denominator:
Weighted-average number of common shares – basic41,465,798 35,563,275 
Loss per common share – basic and diluted$(0.32)$(0.41)

As of March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively, the Company’s potentially dilutive instruments included 5,259,847 and 3,905,192 options to purchase common shares and 166,700 and 13,491 unvested restricted stock units that were excluded from the computation of diluted weighted average shares outstanding because these securities had an antidilutive impact due to the losses reported. Similarly excluded as of March 31, 2022 and 2021, were potentially dilutive warrants for the purchase of 1,714,429 for both periods.

Note 17.    Share-Based Compensation

The Company recognized share-based compensation in its Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss during 2022 and 2021 as follows:

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 Three Months Ended
March 31,
 20222021
Manufacture and supply$48 $82 
Research and development169 232 
Selling, general and administrative696 1,193 
Total share-based compensation expenses$913 $1,507 
Share-based compensation from:
Restricted stock units$ $38 
Stock options913 1,469 
Employee stock purchase plan  
Total share-based compensation expenses$913 $1,507 

Share-Based Compensation Equity Awards

The following tables provide information about the Company’s restricted stock unit and stock option activity during the three-month period ended March 31, 2022:
Restricted Stock Unit Awards (RSUs):Number of
Units
Weighted
Average
Grant Date Fair
Value
 (in thousands) 
Unvested as of December 31, 2021 $ 
Granted166 $2.55 
Vested $ 
Forfeited $ 
Unvested as of March 31, 2022166 $ 
Grant date fair value of shares vested during the period$ 
Unrecognized compensation costs as of March 31, 2022$377 
Stock Option Awards:Number of
Options
Weighted Average
Exercise Price
 (in thousands)
Outstanding as of December 31, 20214,146 $7.28 
Granted1,125 $2.55 
Exercised, Forfeited, Expired(11)$4.98 
Outstanding as of March 31, 20225,260 $6.27 
Vested and expected to vest as of March 31, 20225,047 $6.39 
Exercisable as of March 31, 20222,496 $9.25 

The fair values of stock options granted during the three months ended March 31, 2022 were estimated using the Black-Scholes pricing model based on the following assumptions:

Expected dividend yield %
Expected volatility
100%
Expected term (years)6.1
Risk-free interest rate2.0 %

The weighted average grant date fair value of stock options granted during the three months ended March 31, 2022 was $2.03. During the three-month period ended March 31, 2022, stock options were granted with an exercise price of $2.55 and
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accordingly, given the Company’s share price of $2.61 at March 31, 2022, the intrinsic value provided by certain shares granted during this period was de minimus.

As of March 31, 2022, $5,098 of unrecognized compensation expense related to non-vested stock options is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 2.07 years from the date of grant.

As of March 31, 2022, $377 of unrecognized compensation expense related to unvested restricted stock units is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 2.94 years from the date of grant.


Note 18.    Income Taxes

The Company has accounted for income taxes under the asset and liability method, which requires deferred tax assets and liabilities to be recognized for the estimated future tax consequences attributable to differences between financial statement carrying amounts and respective tax bases of existing assets and liabilities, as well as net operating loss carryforwards and research and development credits.  Valuation allowances are provided if it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax asset will not be realized.

The Company’s tax provision for interim periods is determined using an estimate of its annual effective tax rate, adjusted for discrete items. For the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company recorded no income tax benefit from its pretax losses of $13,220 and $14,672.

The primary factor impacting the effective tax rate for the three and three months ended March 31, 2022 is the anticipated full year operating loss which will require full valuation allowances against any associated net deferred tax assets.

Note 19.    Contingencies

Litigation and Contingencies

From time to time, the Company has been and may again become involved in legal proceedings arising in the course of its business, including product liability, intellectual property, commercial litigation, or environmental or other regulatory matters.

Patent-Related Litigation

Indivior Inc., Indivior UK Ltd., and Aquestive Therapeutics, Inc. v. Dr. Reddy’s Labs. S.A. and Dr. Reddy’s Labs., Inc.

On February 7, 2018, the Company and Indivior Inc. and Indivior UK Ltd. (collectively, “Indivior”) initiated a lawsuit against Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories S.A. and Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories, Inc. (collectively, “Dr. Reddy’s”) asserting infringement of U.S. Patent No. 9,855,221 (the "221 patent”). On April 3, 2018, the Company and Indivior initiated a separate lawsuit against Dr. Reddy’s asserting infringement of U.S. Patent No. 9,931,305 (the "’305 patent”). On May 29, 2018, the lawsuits regarding the ’221 and ’305 patents were consolidated which was originally initiated by Indivior against Dr. Reddy’s asserting infringement of U.S. Patent No. 9,687,454 (the "’454 patent”). On February 19, 2019, the Court granted the parties’ agreed stipulation to drop the ’221 patent from the case. On January 8, 2020, the Court entered a stipulated order of non-infringement of the ’305 patent based on the Court’s claim construction ruling, and the Company and Indivior preserved the right to appeal the claim construction ruling. The Company is not able to determine or predict the ultimate outcome of this proceeding or provide a reasonable estimate or range of estimates of the possible outcome or losses, if any, in this matter.

Indivior Inc., Indivior UK Ltd., and Aquestive Therapeutics, Inc. v. Teva Pharmaceuticals USA, Inc.

On February 7, 2018, the Company and Indivior initiated a lawsuit against Teva Pharmaceuticals USA, Inc. (“Teva”) asserting infringement of the ’221 patent. On April 3, 2018, the Company and Indivior initiated a separate lawsuit against Teva asserting infringement of the ’305 patent. On May 29, 2018, the lawsuits regarding the ’221 and ’305 patents were consolidated which was originally initiated by Indivior against Teva asserting infringement of the ’454 patent. The parties agreed that the case would be governed by the final judgment against Dr. Reddy’s (described above). The Company is not able to determine or predict the ultimate outcome of this proceeding or provide a reasonable estimate or range of estimates of the possible outcome or losses, if any, in this matter.

Indivior Inc., Indivior UK Ltd., and Aquestive Therapeutics, Inc. v. Alvogen Pine Brook LLC,

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On September 14, 2017, Indivior initiated a lawsuit against Alvogen Pine Brook LLC (“Alvogen”) asserting infringement of the ’454 patent. On February 7, 2018, the Company and Indivior filed an Amended Complaint, adding the Company as a plaintiff and asserting infringement of U.S. Patent No. 9,855,221 (the "’221 patent”). On April 3, 2018, the Company and Indivior initiated a separate lawsuit against Alvogen asserting infringement of the ’305 patent. On May 29, 2018, the cases were consolidated . On February 26, 2019, the Court granted the parties’ agreed stipulation to drop the ’221 patent from the case. On January 9, 2020, the Court entered a stipulated order of non-infringement of the ’305 patent based on the Court’s claim construction ruling, and the Company and Indivior preserved the right to appeal the claim construction ruling.

On November 21, 2019, Alvogen filed an amended answer and counterclaims asserting monopolization, attempted monopolization, and conspiracy to monopolize against us and Indivior under federal and New Jersey antitrust laws. The court denied the Company's motion to dismiss Alvogen’s counterclaims on August 24, 2020. On November 2, 2020, Alvogen filed a second amended answer and counterclaims, removing its allegations of monopolization and attempted monopolization against us and asserting only conspiracy to monopolize against us. Fact discovery on Alvogen’s antitrust counterclaims concluded on January 29, 2021. Expert discovery concluded on October 8, 2021, and dispositive motions were filed on October 26, 2021. There is no trial date set. The Company is not able to determine or predict the ultimate outcome of this proceeding or provide a reasonable estimate or range of estimates of the possible outcome or losses, if any, in this matter.

Reckitt Benckiser Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and MonoSol Rx, LLC v. BioDelivery Sciences International, Inc. and Quintiles Commercials US, Inc. (BDSI 2014 Lawsuit)

On September 22, 2014, the Company and RB initiated a lawsuit against BioDelivery Sciences International, Inc. ("BDSI") and Quintiles Commercial US, Inc. (“Quintiles”) asserting infringement of U.S. Patent No. 8,765,167 (the "’167 patent”) in the District of New Jersey (Civil Action No. 3:14-cv-5892). On July 22, 2015, the case was transferred to the Eastern District of North Carolina. BDSI filed requests for inter partes review (“IPR”) of the ’167 patent before the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (“PTAB”), and on May 6, 2016, the Court stayed the case pending the outcome and final determination of the IPR proceedings. On March 24, 2016, the PTAB issued final written decisions finding the ’167 patent was not unpatentable, and the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit (“Federal Circuit”) remanded those decisions for further proceedings before the PTAB. Following the PTAB’s February 7, 2019 decision on remand denying institution, BDSI appealed that decision to the Federal Circuit. The Federal Circuit granted the Company's motion to dismiss the appeal, and denied BDSI’s request for rehearing en banc. BDSI filed a petition for writ of certiorari to the Supreme Court of the United States (“Supreme Court”), which the Supreme Court denied on October 5, 2020. On April 15, 2021, the Court lifted the stay of the litigation in the Eastern District of North Carolina. On April 29, 2021, BDSI filed a renewed motion to dismiss the complaint. In response, the Company and RB filed an amended complaint on May 18, 2021, which, among other things, removed Quintiles as a defendant. On June 3, 2021, BDSI filed a notice withdrawing its motion to dismiss the original complaint. On July 7, 2021, the Court entered a scheduling order in the case. Under the current scheduling order, the parties have completed their exchange of preliminary infringement and validity contentions, have completed claim construction briefing, and are proceeding with fact discovery. The Court may schedule a claim construction hearing, and the remainder of the schedule is dependent on the timing of the Court’s ruling on claim construction. The Company is not able to determine or predict the ultimate outcome of this proceeding or provide a reasonable estimate or range of estimates of the possible outcome or losses, if any, in this matter.

Aquestive Therapeutics, Inc. v. BioDelivery Sciences International, Inc.

On November 11, 2019, the Company initiated a lawsuit against BDSI asserting infringement of the ’167 patent in the Eastern District of North Carolina. On April 1, 2020, the Court denied BDSI’s motion to stay and its motion to dismiss the complaint. On April 16, 2020, BDSI filed its Answer and Counterclaims to the complaint, including counterclaims for non-infringement, invalidity, and unenforceability of the ’167 patent. On May 7, 2020, the Company filed a Motion to Dismiss BDSI’s unenforceability counterclaim and a Motion to Strike BDSI’s corresponding affirmative defenses. On May 28, 2020, BDSI amended its counterclaims and filed an Answer and Amended Counterclaims, which included additional allegations in support of BDSI’s unenforceability counterclaim. On June 25, 2020, the Company filed a Motion to Dismiss BDSI’s Amended Counterclaim for unenforceability and a Motion to Strike BDSI’s corresponding affirmative defense of unenforceability, which BDSI opposed. On March 16, 2021, the Court issued an order granting-in-part and denying-in-part Aquestive’s motion to dismiss BDSI’s counterclaims asserting unenforceability of the ’167 patent. Aquestive filed its answer to the remaining portions of BDSI’s counterclaims on April 6, 2021. BDSI also filed on April 6, 2021 a renewed motion to dismiss Aquestive’s complaint, which Aquestive opposed. On August 10, 2021, the Court entered an order denying BDSI’s motion to dismiss. On July 7, 2021, the Court entered a scheduling order in the case, including the same operative dates as the Court included in the scheduling order for the BDSI 2014 Lawsuit described above, and the parties are proceeding under that same schedule. The Company is not able to determine or predict the ultimate outcome of this proceeding or provide a reasonable estimate or range of estimates of the possible outcome or losses, if any, in this matter.

Antitrust Litigation

State of Wisconsin, et al. v. Indivior Inc., Reckitt Benckiser Healthcare (UK) Ltd., Indivior PLC, and MonoSol Rx, LLC,

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On September 22, 2016, forty-one states and the District of Columbia, or the States, brought a lawsuit against Indivior and us in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania alleging violations of federal and state antitrust statutes and state unfair trade and consumer protection laws relating to Indivior’s launch of Suboxone Sublingual Film in 2010 and seeking an injunction, civil penalties, and disgorgement. After filing the lawsuit, the case was consolidated for pre-trial purposes with the In re Suboxone (Buprenorphine Hydrochloride and Naloxone) Antitrust Litigation, MDL No. 2445, or the Suboxone MDL, a multidistrict litigation relating to putative class actions on behalf of various private plaintiffs against Indivior relating to its launch of Suboxone Sublingual Film. While the Company was not named as a defendant in the original Suboxone MDL cases, the action brought by the States alleges that the Company participated in an antitrust conspiracy with Indivior in connection with Indivior’s launch of Suboxone Sublingual Film and engaged in related conduct in violation of federal and state antitrust law. The Company moved to dismiss the States’ conspiracy claims, but by order dated October 30, 2017, the Court denied the Company's motion to dismiss. The Company filed an answer denying the States’ claims on November 20, 2017. Daubert motions were filed on September 28, 2020, and oppositions were filed on October 19, 2020. On February 19, 2021, the Court issued an order denying all Daubert motions. On March 8, 2021, Aquestive filed a motion for summary judgment, and briefing on summary judgment motions was completed on May 28, 2021. The hearing on Aquestive’s motion for summary judgment will be held on May 18, 2022. No trial date has yet been set. The Company is not able to determine or predict the ultimate outcome of this proceeding or provide a reasonable estimate or range of estimates of the possible outcome or loss, if any, in this matter.

Humana and Centene Actions

Humana Inc. v. Indivior Inc, Indivior Solutions Inc., Indivior PLC, Reckitt Benckiser Healthcare (UK) Ltd., and Aquestive Therapeutics, Inc.

Centene Corporation, Wellcare Health Plans, Inc., New York Quality Healthcare Corporation d/b/a Fidelis Care, and Health Net, LLC v. Indivior Inc, Indivior Solutions Inc., Indivior PLC, Reckitt Benckiser Healthcare (UK) Ltd., and Aquestive Therapeutics, Inc.

On September 18, 2020, Humana, Inc. (“Humana”), a health insurance payor, filed a lawsuit against us and Indivior in the Eastern District of Pennsylvania alleging facts similar to those at issue in the Antitrust Case and the Suboxone MDL described above, which lawsuit was assigned to the same judge that is presiding over Antitrust Case and Suboxone MDL. Humana’s Complaint alleges five causes of action against us, including conspiracy to violate the RICO Act, fraud under state law, unfair and deceptive trade practices under state law, insurance fraud, and unjust enrichment.

On September 21, 2020, Centene Corporation (“Centene”) and other related insurance payors filed a similar lawsuit against us and Indivior in the Eastern District of Missouri. The counsel representing Humana is also representing Centene. On September 21, 2020, the Centene action was provisionally transferred to the Eastern District of Pennsylvania by the United States Judicial Panel on Multidistrict Litigation. On January 15, 2021, the Company filed a motion to dismiss the Centene and Humana complaints. The Court in the Eastern District of Pennsylvania dismissed all complaints against the defendants in these matters on July 22, 2021. On August 20, 2021, Centene and Humana appealed the decision to the U.S. Appeals Court for the Third Circuit (“Third Circuit”). Also, on August 20, 2021, Humana filed a complaint in state court in Kentucky, alleging the same causes of action previously filed in the federal case in the Eastern District of Pennsylvania. That state court action is stayed pending resolution of the federal appeal in the Third Circuit. The Third Circuit appeal is fully briefed and oral argument was held on March 31, 2022. The parties are awaiting a ruling from the Third Circuit on the appeal. The Company is not able to determine or predict the ultimate outcome of this proceeding or provide a reasonable estimate or range of estimates of the possible outcome or loss, if any, in this matter.

California Litigation

Neurelis, Inc. v. Aquestive Therapeutics, Inc.

On December 5, 2019, Neurelis Inc. filed a lawsuit against us in the Superior Court of California, County of San Diego alleging the following three causes of action: (1) Unfair Competition under California Business and Professional Code § 17200 (“UCL”); (2) Defamation; and (3) Malicious Prosecution. Neurelis filed a First Amended Complaint on December 9, 2019, alleging the same three causes of action. The Company filed a Motion to Strike Neurelis’s Complaint under California’s anti-SLAPP (“strategic lawsuit against public participation”) statute on January 31, 2020, which Neurelis opposed. On August 6, 2020, the Court issued an order granting in part and denying in part the Company's anti-SLAPP motion. The Company filed a notice of appeal to the California Court of Appeal on September 1, 2020, and Neurelis filed a notice of cross-appeal on October 5, 2020. The Company filed its opening appeal brief on January 27, 2021, and briefing on the appeal ended on July 6, 2021. The Appeals Court held oral argument on the appeal on October 14, 2021, and issued its ruling on November 17, 2021. Under the ruling, the Court struck the entirety of the malicious prosecution claim and struck portions of the UCL and defamation claims. Aquestive filed a motion for attorney fees related to the anti-SLAPP motion on February 11, 2022. On April 12, 2022, Neurelis filed a Second Amended Complaint in response to the Court of Appeal's decision. The Second Amended Complaint also added a cause of action for Trade Libel. On May 3, 2022, Aquestive filed a "demurer" challenge to the sufficiency of the
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allegations of the Second Amended Complaint. Oral argument on Aquestive's motion for attorney fees related to the anti-SLAPP motion and on the Second Amended Complaint and demurer challenge will be held on June 17, 2022. The Company is not able to determine or predict the ultimate outcome of this proceeding or provide a reasonable estimate or range of estimates of the possible outcome or loss, if any, in this matter.

Neurelis IPR Litigation

In the first quarter of 2019, Aquestive requested institution of three Inter Partes Reviews (“IPRs”) against Neurelis’ Orange Book method of treatment patent, US Patent No. 9,763,876 (‘876 Patent) for nasal administration of benzodiazepines (diazepam). The PTAB denied two of the requests and instituted the third request, which challenged all claims of the Neurelis ‘876 Patent. On August 6, 2020, the PTAB issued its final written decision finding all challenged claims of the ’876 Patent to be unpatentable. Neurelis appealed the decision to the U.S. Court of the Federal Circuit. On October 7, 2021, the Federal Circuit Court issued a per curium decision affirming the PTAB's final decision that the '876 Patent was unpatentable. The Federal Circuit Court issued a mandate closing the appeal period and an IPR Certificate was subsequently issued by the United States Patent and Trademark Office on January 21, 2022. No further appeals are available on this matter.


Federal Securities Class Action

Deanna Lewakowski v. Aquestive Therapeutics, Inc., et al.

On March 1, 2021, a securities class action lawsuit was filed in the United States District Court of the District of New Jersey alleging that the Company and certain of its officers engaged in violations of the federal securities laws relating to public statements made by the Company regarding the FDA approval of Libervant. Following the court’s appointment of a lead plaintiff, an amended complaint was filed by the plaintiffs on June 25, 2021. Defendants filed a motion to dismiss on August 16, 2021, which became fully briefed as of November 1, 2021. There is no date set for a hearing on the motion to dismiss and no trial date has yet been set. The Company is not able to determine or predict the ultimate outcome of this proceeding or provide a reasonable estimate or range of estimates of the possible outcome or loss, if any, in this matter.

Shareholder Derivative Litigation

Loreen Niewenhuis v. Keith Kendall, et al.

On December 15, 2021, a purported Aquestive shareholder instituted a derivative action captioned Loreen Niewenhuis v. Keith Kendall, et al. in the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey, purportedly on behalf of the Company, against certain current and former officers and directors of the Company. The case was designated as related to the pending federal securities class action Deanna Lewakowski v. Aquestive Therapeutics, Inc., referenced above, and accepted by the same judge presiding over the class action. The complaint in this matter alleges claims for breach of fiduciary duty and contribution. The factual allegations that form the basis of these claims are similar to the disclosure-related allegations asserted in the class action. On April 4, 2022, the Plaintiff filed an amended complaint asserting the same claims against the same defendants. The Company filed a motion to dismiss the amended complaint on April 25, 2022. Plaintiff’s opposition brief is due May 25, 2022, and the Company’s reply brief is due June 27, 2022. The Company is not able to determine or predict the ultimate outcome of this proceeding or provide a reasonable estimate or range of estimates of the possible outcome or loss, if any, in this matter.

Note 20.    Subsequent Events

Continued Utilization of the At-The-Market Facility

The Company continued utilization of its At-The-Market facility from April 1 through April 30, 2022 and sold 318,156 shares which generated net proceeds of approximately $505.

Lincoln Park Purchase Agreement

On April 12, 2022, the Company entered into a purchase agreement ("Lincoln Park Purchase Agreement") with Lincoln Park Capital Fund, LLC ("Lincoln Park"), which provides that, upon the terms and subject to the conditions and limitations set forth in the Lincoln Park Purchase Agreement, the Company has the right, but not the obligation, to sell to Lincoln Park up to $40,000 worth of shares of its common stock from time to time over the 36-month term of the Lincoln Park Purchase Agreement. Concurrently with entering into the Lincoln Park Purchase Agreement, the Company also entered into a registration rights agreement with Lincoln Park, pursuant to which the Company agreed to register the sale of the shares of its common stock that have been and may be issued to Lincoln Park under the Lincoln Park Purchase Agreement pursuant to its existing shelf registration statement on Form S-3 or a new registration statement. Lincoln Park has covenanted under the
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Lincoln Park Purchase Agreement not to cause or engage in any manner whatsoever, any direct or indirect short selling or hedging of the Company's common stock.

Since inception through April 30, 2022, the Company issued 403,982 shares which generated sale proceeds of approximately $707 in connection with the Lincoln Park Purchase Agreement.

Haisco Receivable

The Company entered into a License, Development and Supply Agreement with Haisco Pharmaceutical Group Co., Ltd., a Chinese limited company listed on the Shenzhen Stock Exchange ("Haisco") effective as of March 3, 2022 ("Haisco Agreement") pursuant to which Aquestive granted Haisco an exclusive license to develop and commercialize Exservan™ (riluzole oral film) for the treatment of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS (“Exservan) in China and Aquestive will serve as the exclusive sole manufacturer and supplier for Exservan in China. Pursuant to the Haisco License Agreement, Haisco has been appointed to serve as Aquestive’s agent for matters relating to the commercialization of Exservan in China, including obtaining approval to market and sell ("Marketing Authorization") Exservan in China. Subsequent to the execution of the Haisco Agreement in March 2022, the Chinese equivalent of the FDA (the "NMPA") raised an issue regarding the named holder of the U.S. New Drug Application (NDA) for Exservan in relation to the application for Marketing Authorization of Exservan in China. It is not clear whether the NMPA will require that Aquestive be the holder of the NDA in order to approve the Marketing Authorization for Exservan in China, or whether the NMPA will find that Aquestive's qualifications as the exclusive licensor, manufacturer and innovator of Exservan will be sufficient for the NMPA to approve Aquestive as the drug sponsor for Exservan in China and grant the Marketing Authorization for Exservan in China. Prior to entering into the Haisco Agreement, the Company had assigned the NDA for Exservan to another third-party in connection with a license agreement in the U.S. for Exservan and is not currently the named holder of the NDA. The Company is collaborating with Haisco to resolve this issue with the NMPA. As a result of this issue, the Company has not received the $7,000 upfront payment due from Haisco under the Haisco Agreement and expects to agree with Haisco to extend the period of time under which Haisco is obligated to make said upfront payment consistent with the decision of the NMPA on this issue, or as otherwise agreed to by the Company and Haisco.

Item 2.    Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

You should read this section in conjunction with our unaudited condensed interim consolidated financial statements and related notes included in Part I Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and our audited consolidated financial statements and related notes thereto and management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020 included in our 2021 Annual Report on Form 10-K. All dollar amounts are stated in thousands except for share data.

Forward-Looking Statements

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and certain other communications made by us include forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.   Words such as “believe,” “anticipate,” “plan,” “expect,” “estimate,” “intend,” “may,” “will,” or the negative of those terms, and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements.

These forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements regarding the advancement and related timing of Libervant™, AQST-109 and AQST-108 through the regulatory and development pipeline; the focus on growing our commercial sales of Sympazan® and continuing to manufacture Suboxone®, Exservan® and other licensed products; the ability to address the concerns identified in the FDA's Complete Response Letter dated September 25, 2020 regarding the New Drug Application ("NDA") for Libervant and obtain FDA approval of Libervant for U.S. market access; the ability to obtain approval from the NMPA of the Marketing Authorization for the sale of Exservan in China and the related risk of receiving payments under the Haisco Agreement; clinical trial timing and plans for AQST-109 and AQST-108; the ability to fund our business operations; and business strategies, market opportunities, and other statements that are not historical facts. These forward-looking statements are also subject to the uncertain impact of the COVID-19 global pandemic on our business including with respect to our clinical trials including site initiation, patient enrollment and timing and adequacy of clinical trials; on regulatory submissions and regulatory reviews and approvals of our product candidates; pharmaceutical ingredients and other raw materials supply chain, manufacture and distribution; sale of and demand for our products; our liquidity and availability of capital resources, customer demand for our products and services; customers' ability to pay for goods and services; and ongoing availability of an appropriate labor force and skilled professionals. Given these uncertainties, we are unable to provide assurance that operations can be maintained as planned prior to the COVID-19 pandemic.

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These forward-looking statements are also based on our current expectations and beliefs and are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those described in the forward-looking statements.  Such risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, risks associated with our development work, including any delays or changes to the timing, cost and success of our product development activities and clinical trials; risk of delays in regulatory advancement through the FDA of Libervant and our other drug candidates or failure to receive approval, including the failure to receive orphan drug exclusivity; risk of our ability to demonstrate to the FDA “clinical superiority” within the meaning of the FDA regulations of Libervant relative to FDA-approved diazepam rectal gel and nasal spray products including by establishing a major contribution to patient care within the meaning of FDA regulations relative to the approved products as well as risks related to other potential pathways or positions which are or may in the future be advanced to the FDA to overcome the seven year orphan drug exclusivity granted by the FDA for the approved nasal spray product of a competitor in the U.S. and there can be no assurance that we will be successful; risk that a competitor obtains FDA orphan drug exclusivity for a product with the same active moiety as any of our other drug products for which we are seeking FDA approval and that such earlier approved competitor orphan drug blocks such other product candidates in the U.S. for seven years for the same indication; risk in obtaining market access for Libervant and our other product candidates for other reasons; risk inherent in commercializing a new product (including technology risks, financial risks, market risks and implementation risks and regulatory limitations) and the related risk of the failure to obtain such approval on our ability to access additional funding under the 12.5% Notes; risks and uncertainties concerning the revenue stream from the monetization of our royalty rights for the product KYNMOBI®, as well as the achievement of royalty targets worldwide or in any jurisdiction and certain other commercial targets required for contingent payments under the KYNMOBI monetization transaction; risk of development of our sales and marketing capabilities; risk of sufficient capital and cash resources, including access to available debt and equity financing, including under the Company's ATM and the Lincoln Park Purchase Agreement, and revenues from operations, to satisfy all of our short-term and longer-term cash requirements and other cash needs, at the times and in the amounts needed; risk of failure to satisfy all financial and other debt covenants and of any default; short-term and long-term liquidity and cash requirements, cash funding and cash burn; risk related to government claims against Indivior for which we license, manufacture and sell Suboxone® and which accounts for the substantial part of our current operating revenues; risks related to the outsourcing of certain marketing and other operational and staff functions to third parties; risk of the rate and degree of market acceptance of our product and product candidates; the success of any competing products including generics, risk of the size and growth of our product markets; risk of compliance with all FDA and other governmental and customer requirements for our manufacturing facilities; risks associated with intellectual property rights and infringement claims relating to our products; risk of unexpected patent developments; risk of legislation and regulatory actions and changes in laws or regulations affecting our business including relating to our products and products candidates and product pricing, reimbursement or access therefore; risk of loss of significant customers; risks related to claims and legal proceedings including patent infringement, securities, investigative, product safety or efficacy and antitrust litigation matters; risk of product recalls and withdrawals; the COVID-19 pandemic and its impact on our business; uncertainties related to general economic, political, business, industry, regulatory and market conditions and other unusual items; and other uncertainties affecting us including those described in the "Risk Factors" section and in other sections included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, in our Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, and in our Current Reports on Form 8-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).  Given these uncertainties, you should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as the date made.  All subsequent forward-looking statements attributable to us or any person acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by this cautionary statement. We assume no obligation to update forward-looking statements, or outlook or guidance after the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as may be required by applicable law.  Readers should not rely on the forward-looking statements included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q as representing our views as of any date after the date of the filing of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as may be required by applicable law. 

These forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause our actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievements to differ materially from those expressed or implied by these statements. These factors include the matters discussed and referenced in the risk factors of our 2021 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Overview

We are a pharmaceutical company advancing medicines to solve patients’ problems with current standards of care and provide transformative products to improve their lives. We are developing orally administered products to deliver complex molecules, providing novel alternatives to invasive and inconvenient standard of care therapies. Aquestive has five commercialized products on the U.S. market, four licensed products and one stand-alone proprietary product to date, Sympazan® (clobazam) oral film for the treatment of seizures associated with Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome. Our licensees market their products in the U.S. and around the world. The Company also collaborates with pharmaceutical companies to bring new molecules to market using proprietary, best-in-class technologies, like PharmFilm®, and has proven drug development and commercialization capabilities. The Company is advancing a late-stage proprietary product pipeline focused on treating
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diseases of the central nervous system, or CNS, and an earlier stage pipeline for the treatment of severe allergic reactions, including anaphylaxis. Our production facilities are located in Portage, Indiana, and our corporate headquarters, sales and commercialization operations and primary research laboratory facilities are based in Warren, New Jersey.

We manufacture licensed and proprietary products at our FDA, Australian Government Department of Health's Therapeutics Goods Administration, or TGA, and Drug Enforcement Agency, or DEA, inspected facilities and anticipate that our current manufacturing capacity is sufficient for commercial quantities of our products and product candidates currently in development. Not all collaborative or licensed products of the Company that may be commercially launched in the future will necessarily be manufactured by us, such as the case with KYNMOBI®.

Proprietary CNS Product Portfolio

We have initially focused our proprietary product pipeline on certain difficult to treat CNS diseases. Our two most advanced assets within our proprietary CNS portfolio, focused on epilepsy, are as follows:

Sympazan® – an oral soluble film formulation of clobazam used for the treatment of seizures associated with a rare, intractable form of epilepsy known as Lennox-Gastaut syndrome, or LGS, was approved by the FDA on November 1, 2018. We commercially launched Sympazan in December 2018. Sympazan was launched as a precursor and complement to our product candidate Libervant and continues to progress on key performance metrics including prescriber growth, repeat prescribers, quarterly growth in retail shipments and pharmacy claims reimbursements.

Libervant™ – a buccally, or inside of the cheek, administered soluble film formulation of diazepam is our most advanced proprietary investigational product candidate. Aquestive is developing Libervant as an alternative to device-dependent rescue therapies currently available to patients with refractory epilepsy, which are a rectal gel and nasal sprays. In late September 2020, we received a complete response letter ("CRL") from the FDA focusing on doses tested in certain weight groups. At a Type A meeting with the FDA in November 2020, the FDA confirmed that the issues identified in the CRL may be addressed by utilizing modeling and simulations for an updated dosing regimen. We submitted a revised weight-based dosing regimen with modeling and simulations in December 2020. In February 2021, the FDA provided feedback on the December 2020 submission which provided clarity regarding the information that the Agency expected to see in our population pharmacokinetic ('PK") model and the presentation of safety data as it relates specifically to the patient population included in the studies. In June 2021, we resubmitted our New Drug Application ("NDA") to the FDA. In July 2021, the FDA accepted our resubmission filing of the NDA and assigned a Prescription Drug User Fee Act ("PDUFA") target goal date of December 23, 2021. In addition to responding to a number of information requests, the FDA concluded a Postmarketing Adverse Drug Experience (PADE) reporting audit, requested and received additional information about the patent coverage for the product, approved for use the trade name for Libervant, and made recommendations for changes in language related to our packaging. We also completed labeling negotiations of the prescribing information and no additional information was required by the FDA from the Company. Concurrently, we spoke with the FDA Office of Orphan Products Development ("OOPD") and provided additional information supplementing our original correspondence to OOPD. On December 20, 2021, we received notification from the FDA that it was not ready to act by the PDUFA date of December 23, 2021 for the Company’s NDA for Libervant and was unable to provide an estimate of the timing of an expected action. Subsequent to the FDA notification, we have had several interactions with the Agency. The Center for Drug Evaluation and Research ("CDER") indicated in correspondence to the Company that CDER had finished its review of the NDA submission and did not require additional information from the Company at this time and that it is actively engaged with other groups in the Agency to reach a decision on the Company's NDA for Libervant based on the regulatory issues related to the approvability of the application. Based on our communications with the Agency, we believe that the regulatory issues at hand are related to orphan drug exclusivity, which are being reviewed by OOPD and the Office of Chief Counsel. The Agency did not provide a timeline or commitment for resolution but reiterated that the Agency did not require additional information from the Company at this time. We appreciate the complexity of the related issues and are prepared to respond to the Agency, if and when needed. We continue to believe that we have provided a strong set of facts supporting a decision by the FDA of clinical superiority to prior approved drugs in that Libervant represents a major contribution to patient care as compared to the device driven rectal and nasal spray alternatives. Preparations are advancing with payer and sales force planning underway for the commercial launch of Libervant, if approved by the FDA for U.S. market access, as soon as possible after approval. We anticipate that capital available within our existing debt facility will be available to support the launch of this product, if approved by the FDA for U.S. market access. However, overcoming the orphan drug marketing exclusivity is difficult to establish, with limited precedent, and there can be no assurance that the FDA will agree with our position seeking to overcome such marketing exclusivity and approve Libervant for U.S. market access. Further, there can be no assurance that a
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competitor will not obtain other FDA marketing exclusivity that blocks U.S. market access for Libervant. Any failure to obtain FDA approval to demonstrate clinical superiority or obtain U.S. market access for Libervant would have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations in 2022 and later. More details on this product approval are described in the “Competition” section of Item I. Business of our 2021 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Complex Molecule Portfolio

We have also developed a proprietary pipeline of complex molecule-based product candidates as alternatives to invasively administered standard of care injectable therapeutics addressing large market opportunities beyond CNS indications.

The active programs in our complex molecule pipeline portfolio are:

AQST-109 – the first and only orally delivered epinephrine product candidate that has shown clinical results comparable to autoinjectors (such as EpiPen® and Auvi-Q®) for the emergency treatment of allergic reactions, including anaphylaxis. Epinephrine is the standard of care in the treatment of anaphylaxis and is currently administered via intramuscular injection including auto-injectors, such as EpiPen® and Auvi-Q®, which require patients or caregivers to inject epinephrine into their thighs during an emergency allergic reaction. As a result of this route of administration, many patients and their caregivers are reluctant to use currently available products. However, AQST-109 would, if approved by the FDA, allow a patient to simply place a dissolvable strip, approximately the size and weight of a postage stamp, under the tongue, providing an appropriate medication where it is needed, when it is needed and in a form preferred by patients.

We completed a first-in-human Phase 1 clinical trial for AQST-109 in Canada. This Phase 1 randomized, single-ascending dose study was performed in order to assess the safety, tolerability, and pharmacologic profile of AQST-109. On February 25, 2022, we reported positive topline data from Part 1 of our crossover study of AQST-109, EPIPHAST, a randomized, open-label, three-part adaptive design, crossover study in healthy adult subjects comparing the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of epinephrine delivered via AQST-109 oral film compared to intramuscular injection of epinephrine. The EPIPHAST study was also conducted in Canada. In Part 1 of the EPIPHAST study, multiple oral film formulations and dosage strengths of AQST-109 were evaluated. The lead formulation of AQST-109 has shown clinically meaningful blood concentrations when delivered in two different physical configurations, with a median Tmax of 13.5 minutes and 22.5 minutes, respectively. Part 1 also showed arithmetic mean maximum concentrations (Cmax) of 771 pg/mL and 580 pg/mL for the two configurations, or geometric mean Cmax values of 258pg/mL and 268pg/mL for the two configurations, respectively. These geometric mean Cmax and median Tmax values are consistent with those previously reported for approved injectable epinephrine devices such as EpiPen®. Under the EPIPHAST study, the healthy volunteers were also exposed to a 0.5mg intramuscular injection (IM) of epinephrine, allowing for a comparison with the pharmacokinetics, safety, and tolerability of the higher end of the approved dosage range of epinephrine, consistent with guidance received from the FDA in a written response to our Investigational New Drug Application (IND) for AQST-109. The findings show that these two configurations of the selected AQST-109 formulation can deliver clinically meaningful blood concentrations of epinephrine sooner than that observed with the higher dose of epinephrine IM injection, and in line with existing epinephrine autoinjectors. In addition, dosing with AQST-109 resulted in changes in blood pressure and heart rate that were comparable to epinephrine auto-injectors. The EPIPHAST trial indicated that treatment was well tolerated, with no serious adverse events, significant medical events, or treatment-related severe adverse events reported. On February 24, 2022, the FDA cleared our IND, allowing for clinical investigation of AQST-109 in the U.S. The FDA confirmed that 505(b)(2) approval pathway is acceptable for the development of AQST-109. The FDA granted Fast Track designation in March 2022 to AQST-109 for the emergency treatment of allergic reactions, including anaphylaxis.

In April 2022, we reported positive topline results from Part 2 of the EPIPHAST study for AQST-109. Part 2 is a randomized, crossover design comparing AQST-109 12mg to epinephrine IM 0.3mg. Utilizing a replicate crossover design, Part 2 confirmed in a larger population of 24 healthy subjects the key pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic measures observed in Part 1 of the EPIPHAST study and the first-in-human PK study. The median time to maximum concentration (Tmax) was observed to be 15 minutes for AQST-109, compared to 50 minutes for the epinephrine 0.3mg intra-muscular (IM) injection.

Aquestive commenced Part 3 of the EPIPHAST study for its AQST-109 in April 2022 and expects to complete Part 3 by the end of the second quarter 2022. The purpose of Part 3 is to continue to study the administration of the film under a variety of conditions and further characterize its pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and safety.

Aquestive plans to conduct one additional study with AQST-109 before its end of phase 2 meeting, anticipated later in the year, based on feedback received from the FDA to its pre-IND meeting, This study will be designed as a repeat dosing EpiPen comparative study and will be conducted during the third quarter 2022. This study will be designed to
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show the direct comparison of AQST-109 to EpiPen. We expect to move forward with the manufacture of registration batche, have an additional meeting with the FDA and, based on those studies, begin pivotal studies of AQST-109 by the end of 2022.

AQST-108 – is a sublingual film formulation delivering systemic epinephrine that is also in development by Aquestive for the treatment of conditions other than anaphylaxis. AQST-108 is composed of the prodrug dipivefrin which is enzymatically cleaved systemically into epinephrine after administration. Dipivefrin is currently available outside of the U.S. for ophthalmic indications. Based on top-line results of a recent second Phase 1 PK trial in 28 healthy adult volunteers, AQST-108 was generally well-tolerated, with systemic adverse events observed that are consistent with the known adverse events profile for epinephrine. We are on track to request a pre-IND meeting for AQST-108 with the FDA in 2022 and plan to disclose the indication and path forward for development, once we have received feedback from the agency.

AQST-305 – is a sublingual film formulation of octreotide, a small peptide that has a similar pharmacological profile to natural somatostatin, for the treatment of acromegaly, as well as severe diarrhea and flushing associated with carcinoid syndrome. Acromegaly is a hormone disorder that results in the overproduction of growth hormone in middle-aged adults. Octreotide is the standard of care for the treatment of acromegaly. The current market leader, Sandostatin, is administered via deep subcutaneous or intramuscular injections once a month. This monthly treatment regimen can result in loss of efficacy toward the end of the monthly treatment cycle. We are developing AQST-305 as a non-invasive, pain-free alternative to Sandostatin to reduce treatment burden, healthcare costs and the potential loss of efficacy in the treatment cycle. AQST-305 has shown promising preclinical and human proof of concept results. While we focus our efforts on Libervant, AQST-109, and AQST-108, in the short-term, we have taken the necessary steps to prepare AQST-305 for additional research trials.

Licensed Commercial Products and Product Candidates

Our portfolio also includes products and product candidates that we have licensed, or will seek to license, or for which we have licensed our intellectual property for commercialization. In the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, our licensed product portfolio generated $42.3 million and $40.2 million in revenue to Aquestive, respectively. Those products include:

Suboxone® – a sublingual film formulation of buprenorphine and naloxone, respectively an opioid agonist and antagonist, that is marketed in the United States and internationally for the treatment of opioid dependence. Suboxone Sublingual Film was launched by our licensee, Indivior Inc., or Indivior, in 2010. Suboxone is the most prescribed branded product in its category and was the first sublingual film product for the treatment of opioid dependence. We are the sole and exclusive supplier and manufacturer of Suboxone Sublingual Film and have produced over 2.2 billion doses of Suboxone since its launch in 2010. As of March 31, 2022, Suboxone branded products retain approximately 40% film market share as generic film-based products have penetrated this market. We have filed patent infringement lawsuits against certain companies relating to generic film-based products for buprenorphine-naloxone. More details regarding these lawsuits are described in the unaudited financial statements, Note 19. Contingencies, contained herein.

ExservanTM (riluzole) – an oral film formulation of riluzole, has been developed for the treatment of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). We believe that Exservan can bring meaningful assistance to patients who are diagnosed with ALS and face difficulties swallowing traditional forms of medication. Exservan was approved by the FDA on November 22, 2019. During the fourth quarter of 2019, we announced the grant of a license to Zambon S.p.A. ("Zambon") for the development and commercialization of Exservan in the European Union (EU) for the treatment of ALS. Zambon is a multinational pharmaceutical company with a focus on the CNS therapeutic area. Under the terms of the license agreement with Zambon, an upfront payment was paid to Aquestive for the development and commercialization rights of Exservan in the EU, and Aquestive will be paid development and sales milestone payments and low double-digit royalties on net sales of the product in the EU. Zambon is responsible for the regulatory approval and marketing of Exservan in the countries where Zambon seeks to market the product, and Aquestive will be responsible for the development and manufacture of the product.

In January 2021, we announced our exclusive license to Mitsubishi Tanabe Pharma Holdings America, Inc. ("MTHA") for the commercialization in the United States of Exservan. MTHA is a multinational pharmaceutical company with a focus on patients with ALS. Under the terms of the MTHA license agreement, upfront payments were paid to Aquestive with additional payments due upon the occurrence of certain milestone events in advance of launch. Aquestive will also be paid double-digit royalties on net sales of the product in the United States and will earn revenue pursuant to the exclusive supply agreement. The product launched in June 2021. Exservan may potentially fulfill a critical need for ALS patients, given it can be administered safely and easily, twice daily, without water.

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In March 2022, we announced the grant of an exclusive license to Haisco Pharmaceutical Group Co., Ltd. ("Haisco") for Haisco to develop and commercialize Exservan for the treatment of ALS in China. Haisco Pharmaceutical Group is a China-based public pharmaceutical company. Haisco will lead the regulatory and commercialization activities for Exservan in China. Aquestive will serve as the exclusive sole manufacturer and supplier for Exservan in China. Under the Haisco Agreement, Haisco is obligated to pay Aquestive an upfront cash payment, regulatory milestone payments, and double-digit royalties on net sales of Exservan in China and Aquestive will earn manufacturing revenue on the sale of Exservan in China as the exclusive supplier of Exservan in China. See Note 20 for details.

KYNMOBI®– a sublingual film formulation of apomorphine, which is a dopamine agonist, was developed to treat episodic off-periods in Parkinson’s disease. We licensed our intellectual property to Cynapsus Therapeutics, Inc., a company that was acquired by Sunovion Pharmaceuticals Inc., or Sunovion, for the commercialization of KYNMOBI under an Agreement dated April 1, 2016, as amended (the "Sunovion License Agreement"). KYNMOBI was approved by the FDA on May 21, 2020 and commercially launched by Sunovion in September 2020. On November 3, 2020, we entered into a Purchase and Sale Agreement (the "Monetization Agreement") with MAM Pangolin Royalty, LLC, an affiliate of Marathon Asset Management ("Marathon"). Under the terms of the Monetization Agreement, we sold all of our contractual rights to receive royalties and milestone payments due under the Sunovion License Agreement related to Sunovion's apomorphine product, KYNMOBI. We received an aggregate amount of $50,000 through March 31, 2022 under the Monetization Agreement. Under the Monetization Agreement, additional aggregate contingent payments of up to $75,000 may be due us upon the achievement of worldwide royalty and other commercial targets within a specified timeframe, which could result in total potential gross proceeds under the Monetization Agreement of $125,000. Based on the current forecast by Sunovion of estimated KYNMOBI sales as of March 31, 2022, the Company may not receive any of the additional aggregate contingent payments under the Monetization agreement.

Zuplenz – an oral soluble film formulation of ondansetron, a 5-HT antagonist, was developed for the treatment of nausea and vomiting associated with chemotherapy and post-operative recovery. Ondansetron is available as branded and generic products as intravenous injections, intramuscular injections, orally dissolving tablets, oral solution tablets, and film. We licensed commercial rights for Zuplenz to Hypera in Brazil. We licensed commercial rights for Zuplenz to Fortovia Therapeutics Inc. (previously Midatech Pharma PLC, "Fortovia") in the United States, Canada, and China. Fortovia launched Zuplenz in the United States in 2015. We had been the sole and exclusive manufacturer of Zuplenz for Fortovia. On August 31, 2020 Fortovia filed a Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceeding in the Bankruptcy Court for the Eastern District of North Carolina. On January 29, 2021, the Bankruptcy Court approved an agreement pursuant to which the license and supply agreement between Aquestive and Fortovia was terminated, and all rights to commercialize Zuplenz returned to us, effective January 30, 2021. While not expected to be a material product for us, we are seeking a new partner to commercialize Zuplenz in the United States.

AzstarysTM – an FDA-approved, once-daily product for the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in patients age six years or older. AZSTARYS consists of serdexmethylphenidate, KemPharm’s prodrug of d-methylphenidate (d-MPH), co-formulated with immediate release d-MPH. In March 2012, the Company entered into an agreement with KemPharm, Inc. (“KemPharm”), to terminate a Collaboration and License Agreement entered into by the Company and KemPharm in April 2011. Under this termination arrangement, the Company has the right to participate in any and all value that KemPharm may derive from the commercialization or any other monetization of KP-415 and KP-484 compounds or their derivatives. Among these monetization transactions are those related to any business combinations involving KemPharm and collaborations, royalty arrangements, or other transactions from which KemPharm may realize value from these compounds. During September 2019, the Company received $1,000 from its 10% share of milestone payments paid to KemPharm, under its licensing of KP-415 and KP-484 to a third party. The Company also received payment of $500 under this arrangement, which was included in License and royalty revenues for the year ended December 31, 2020, in connection with the FDA's acceptance of a New Drug Application ("NDA") filing for KP-415. On March 2, 2021, KemPharm announced FDA approval of KP 415 (AZTARYSTM) a new once-daily treatment for ADHD. For the year ended December 31, 2021, the Company received payment of $2,000 under this arrangement, which was included in License and royalty revenues.

Business Update Regarding COVID-19

The current COVID-19 pandemic has continued to present substantial health and economic risks, uncertainties and challenges to our business, the U.S. and global economies and financial markets. It is not currently possible to predict how long the pandemic will last or the time it will take for the economy to return to prior levels. The extent to which COVID-19 impacts our business, operations, clinical trials, regulatory approval process, capital, financial and monetization markets, financial results and financial condition, and those of our suppliers, distributors, customers and other third parties necessary to our business including those involved in the regulatory approval process, will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted with certainty or clarity, including the duration and continuing severity of the outbreak,
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resurgence of the outbreak, continued or additional government actions to contain COVID-19, timing or efficacy of any vaccine, and new information that will emerge concerning the short-term and long-term impact of COVID-19.

To date, we have been able to continue to manufacture and supply our products and currently do not anticipate any significant interruption in supply, although we continue to monitor this situation closely and there is no assurance that disruptions or delay will not occur as a result of COVID-19. We are also monitoring demand for our products, which could be negatively impacted during the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as the financial condition of our customers and licensees, one of whom delayed remittance of certain payments due to us for development services provided but ultimately made such payments.

Our office-based colleagues have generally been working from home since March 2020. With additional protections and protocols, we have maintained appropriate and necessary staffing levels at both our laboratory and manufacturing sites. While we previously suspended in-person interactions by our sales and marketing personnel and engaged remotely to support our commercialization efforts, our sales and marketing practices continue to evolve in accordance with changing local rules and regulations. We believe the opportunity for in-person interactions with healthcare providers should increase as the vaccination rate continues to grow. The landscape continues to evolve as localities reestablish and or ease restrictions, as the case may be, with the rise and fall of new case rates and the pace of vaccinations.


Critical Accounting Policies and Use of Estimates

There have been no material changes to our critical accounting policies and use of estimates as previously disclosed in our 2021 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

JOBS Act

On April 5, 2012, the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act, or the JOBS Act, was enacted. The JOBS Act provides that, among other things, an emerging growth company can take advantage of an extended transition period for complying with new or revised accounting standards. As an emerging growth company, we have elected to take advantage of the extended transition period afforded by the JOBS Act for the implementation of new or revised accounting standards and, as a result, we will comply with new or revised accounting standards not later than on the relevant dates on which adoption of such standards is required for emerging growth companies.

In addition, we intend to rely on the other exemptions and reduced reporting requirements provided by the JOBS Act, subject to certain conditions contained therein and, as a result, we are not required to, among other things, (i) provide an auditor’s attestation report on our system of internal controls over financial reporting pursuant to Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, (ii) provide all of the compensation disclosure that may be required of non-emerging growth public companies under the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, or (iii) disclose certain executive compensation-related items such as the correlation between executive compensation and performance and comparisons of the Chief Executive Officer’s compensation to median employee compensation. These exemptions will apply for a period of five years following the consummation of our IPO or until we no longer meet the requirements of being an emerging growth company, whichever is earlier.

We are also a “smaller reporting company,” meaning that we are not an investment company, an asset-backed issuer, or a majority-owned subsidiary of a parent company that is not a “smaller reporting company,” and have either: (i) a public float of less than $250 million or (ii) annual revenues of less than $100 million during the most recently completed fiscal year and (A) no public float or (B) a public float of less than $700 million. As a “smaller reporting company,” we are subject to reduced disclosure obligations in our SEC filings compared to other issuers, including with respect to disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation in our periodic reports and proxy statements and certain reduced financial disclosures in our periodic reports.

Financial Operations Overview

Revenues

Our revenues to date have been earned from our manufactured products made to order for licensees, as well as revenue from our self-developed, self-commercialized proprietary product, Sympazan®. Revenues are also earned from our product development services provided under contracts with customers, and from the licensing of our intellectual property. These activities generate revenues in four primary categories: manufacture and supply revenue, co-development and research fees, license and royalty revenue, and proprietary product sales, net.
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Manufacture and Supply Revenue

We manufacture based on receipt of purchase orders from our licensees, and our licensees have an obligation to accept these orders once quality assurance validates the quality of the manufactured product with agreed upon technical specifications. Our licensees are responsible for all other aspects of commercialization of these products and we have no role, either direct or indirect, in our customers' commercialization activities, including those related to marketing, pricing, sales, payor access and regulatory operations. 

We expect future manufacture and supply revenue from licensed products to be based on volume demand for existing licensed products, and for manufacturing and supply rights under license and supply agreements for existing or new agreements for successful product development collaborations.

Co-development and Research Fees

We work with our licensees to co-develop pharmaceutical products. In this regard, we earn fees through performance of specific tasks, activities, or completion of stages of development defined within a contractual arrangement with the relevant licensee. The nature and extent of these performance obligations, broadly referred to as milestones or deliverables, are usually dependent on the scope and structure of the project as contracted, as well as the complexity of the product and the specific regulatory approval path necessary for that product.

License and Royalty Revenue

We realize revenue from licenses of our intellectual property. For licenses that do not require further development or other ongoing activities by us, our licensee has acquired the right to use the licensed intellectual property for self-development of their product candidate, for manufacturing, commercialization or other specified purposes, upon the effective transfer of those rights, and related revenues are generally recorded at a point in time, subject to contingencies or constraints, if any. For licenses that may provide substantial value only in conjunction with other performance obligations to be provided by us, such as development services or the manufacture of specific products, revenues are generally recorded over the term of the license agreement. We also earn royalties based on our licensees' sales of products that use our intellectual property that are marketed and sold in the countries where we have patented technology rights. Royalty revenue related to the sale of future revenue is described further in this section under Critical Accounting Policies and Use of Estimates "Royalty Revenue and Interest Expense related to Sale of Future Revenue".

Proprietary Product Sales, Net

We commercialized our first proprietary CNS product, Sympazan, in December 2018.  We currently sell Sympazan through wholesalers for distribution through retail and specialty pharmacies. Revenues from sales of proprietary product are recorded net of prompt payment discounts, wholesaler service fees, returns allowances, rebates and co-pay support redemptions, each of which are described in more detail below. These reserves are based on estimates of the amounts earned or to be claimed on the related sales. These amounts are treated as variable consideration, estimated and recognized as a reduction of the transaction price at the time of the sale. We include these estimated amounts in connection with the transaction price to the extent it is probable that a significant reversal of cumulative revenue recognized for such transaction will not occur, or when the uncertainty associated with the variable consideration is resolved. The calculation of some of these items requires management to make estimates based on sales data, historical return data, contracts and other related information that may become known in the future. The adequacy of these provisions is reviewed on a quarterly basis.

Costs and Expenses

Our costs and expenses are primarily the result of the following activities: generation of manufacture and supply revenues; development of our pipeline of proprietary product candidates; and selling, general and administrative expenses, including pre-launch and post-launch commercialization efforts, intellectual property procurement, protection, prosecution and litigation expenses, corporate management functions, medical and clinical affairs administration; public company costs, share-based compensation expenses and interest on our corporate borrowings. We primarily record our costs and expenses in the following categories:

Manufacture and Supply Costs and Expenses

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Manufacture and supply costs and expenses are primarily incurred from the manufacture of our commercialized licensed pharmaceutical products and for our self-developed, self-commercialized, approved proprietary product, including raw materials, direct labor and overhead costs principally in our Portage, Indiana facilities.  Our material costs include the costs of raw materials used in the production of our proprietary dissolving film and primary packaging materials. Direct labor costs consist of payroll costs (including taxes and benefits) of employees engaged in production activities. Overhead costs principally consist of indirect payroll, facilities rent, utilities and depreciation for leasehold improvements and production machinery and equipment. These costs can increase, or decrease, based on the costs of materials, purchased at market pricing, and the amount of direct labor required to produce a product, along with the allocation of fixed overhead, which is dependent on production volume.

Our manufacture and supply costs and expenses are impacted by our customers’ supply requirements. Costs of production reflect the costs of raw materials that are purchased at market prices and production efficiency (measured by the cost of a salable unit).  These costs can increase or decrease based on the amount of direct labor and materials required to produce a product and the allocation of fixed overhead, which is dependent on the levels of production.

We expect to continue to seek to rationalize and manage costs to reflect the declining production volumes of Suboxone.  We reduced the cost of manufacturing and supply in late 2019 and continued throughout 2020 and in 2021 in order to recognize the declining volume of Suboxone that will continue declining in 2022. We expect our manufacture and supply costs and expenses to decrease over the next several years due to the decline in Suboxone volumes as the generics in that market continue to take market share, modestly offset by the commercialization of our proprietary product, Sympazan launched in December 2018.  In addition to our proprietary products coming online, we may add licensee products which may need additional resources to manufacture.  If such growth should occur for higher volume product opportunities such as Suboxone, we would incur increased costs associated with hiring additional personnel to support the increased manufacturing and supply costs arising from higher manufactured volumes from proprietary and licensed products.

Research and Development Expenses

Since our inception, we have focused significant resources on our research and development activities.  Research and development expenses primarily consist of:

employee-related expenses, including compensation, benefits, share-based compensation and travel expense;

external research and development expenses incurred under arrangements with third parties, such as contract research organizations, investigational sites and consultants;

the cost of acquiring, developing and manufacturing clinical study materials; and

costs associated with preclinical and clinical activities and regulatory operations.

We expect our research and development expenses to continue to be significant over the next several years as we continue to develop existing product candidates such as AQST-109 AQST-108, AQST-305 and others, and we identify and develop or acquire additional product candidates and technologies.  We may hire or engage additional skilled colleagues or third parties to perform these activities, conduct clinical trials and ultimately seek regulatory approvals for any product candidate that successfully completes those clinical trials.

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses

Selling, general and administrative expenses consist primarily of salaries, benefits, share-based compensation, commercialization and marketing costs and other related costs for executive, finance, selling and operational personnel. Other costs include facility and related costs not otherwise included in research and development expenses such as: professional fees for patent-related and other legal expenses, consulting, tax and accounting services; insurance; selling; market research; advisory board and key opinion leaders; depreciation; and general corporate expenses, inclusive of IT systems related costs.

A significant portion of selling, general and administrative expenses relates to the sale and marketing of our proprietary product, Sympazan. Sympazan is the precursor and complement to the launch of Libervant, assuming that it is approved and granted U.S. market access by the FDA. We believe there is a very high degree of overlap and correlation between prescribers of Sympazan and the likely prescribers of an approved Libervant. While Sympazan continues to grow, we will continue to rationalize its contribution to move towards profitability while continuing to introduce epilepsy prescribers and patients to Aquestive and PharmFilm® technology in advance of the anticipated launch of Libervant, assuming FDA approval
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for U.S. market access, which cannot be assured. The current commercial organization would begin the launch of Libervant, subject to its approval for U.S. market access, shortly after its approval. Until a Libervant launch is certain, we do not plan to increase the costs of our commercial organization and expect to continue to improve the efficiency of the Sympazan commercial investments.

Our general and administrative costs include costs related to accounting, audit, legal regulatory, and tax-related services required to maintain compliance with exchange listing and SEC regulations, director and officer insurance costs, and investor and public relations costs.   We continue to incur significant costs in seeking to protect our intellectual property rights, including significant litigation costs in connection with seeking to enforce our rights concerning third parties’ at-risk launch of generic products.

We continue to manage business costs to appropriately reflect the declining state of Suboxone revenue, the marketing and sales costs related to Sympazan and other external factors affecting our business, including the continuing impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, as we continue to focus on our core business:

Seeking to obtain the approval and subsequent launch of Libervant, subject to approval by the FDA for U.S. market access, which cannot be assured;

Continuing the development of AQST-109 and AQST-108 along the 505(b)(2) pathway; and

Growing the revenue contribution from Sympazan as a first step to position Aquestive in the epilepsy community.

Interest Expense

Interest expense consists of interest costs on our 12.5% Notes at a fixed rate of 12.5%, payable quarterly, as well as amortization of loan costs and the debt discount.  The 12.5% Notes are discussed in Note 13, 12.5% Senior Secured Notes due 2025, to our consolidated financial statements. See Liquidity and Capital Resources below for further detail on our 12.5% Notes. 

Royalties and Interest Expense related to the Sale of Future Revenue

On November 3, 2020, we entered into a Purchase and Sale Agreement (the "Monetization Agreement") with MAM Pangolin Royalty, LLC, an affiliate of Marathon Asset Management ("Marathon"). Under the terms of the Monetization Agreement, we sold all of our contractual rights to receive royalties and milestone payments due under the Sunovion License Agreement related to Sunovion's apomorphine product, KYNMOBI®. KYNMOBI, an apomorphine film therapy for the treatment of off episodes in Parkinson’s disease patients, received approval from the U.S. FDA on May 21, 2020. In exchange for the sale of these rights, we received an upfront payment of $40,000 and an additional payment of $10,000 through the achievement of the first milestone, and recorded these payments as a liability related to the sale of future revenue that will be amortized using the effective interest method over the life of the Monetization Agreement.. Although we sold all of our rights to receive royalties and milestones, as a result of our ongoing obligations related to the generation of these royalties, we will account for these royalties as revenue. We have received an aggregate amount of $50,000 through March 31, 2022 under the Monetization Agreement.

Under the Monetization Agreement, additional aggregate contingent payments of up to $75,000 may be due to us upon the achievement of worldwide royalty and other commercial targets within a specified timeframe, which could result in total potential proceeds of $125,000. Based on the current forecast by Sunovion of estimated KYNMOBI sales as of March 31, 2022, the Company may not receive any of the additional aggregate contingent payments under the Monetization agreement.

During the second quarter of 2020, under the Sunovion License Agreement, we recognized $8,000 of royalty revenue and corresponding royalty receivable, related to the eight $1,000 annual minimum guaranteed royalty that is due. In connection with the Monetization Agreement, we performed an assessment under ASC 860, Transfer and Servicing to determine whether the existing receivable was transferred to Marathon and concluded that the receivable was not transferred. See Note 15 for further detail on the sale of future revenue. 

Interest Income and other income (expense), net

Interest income and other income (expense), net consists of earnings derived from an interest-bearing account and other miscellaneous income and expense items.  The interest-bearing account has no minimum amount to be maintained in the account nor any fixed length of period for which interest is earned.

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Results of Operations

Comparison of the Three Months Ended March 31, 2022 and 2021

Revenues:

The following table sets forth our revenue data for the periods indicated.
 Three Months Ended March 31, 
Change
(In thousands, except %)20222021$%
Manufacture and supply revenue$9,171 $6,511 $2,660 41 %
License and royalty revenue506 2,361 (1,855)(79)%
Co-development and research fees403 438 (35)(8)%
Proprietary product sales, net2,190 1,812 378 21 %
Total revenues$12,270 $11,122 $1,148 10 %


For the three months ended March 31, 2022, total revenues increased 10% or $1,148 compared to same period in the prior year. The increase was primarily due to higher manufacturing and supply revenue as well as proprietary product revenue.

Manufacture and supply revenue increased 41% or $2,660 for the three months ended March 31, 2022 compared to the same period in the prior year. This increase was due to higher Suboxone manufacturing volume.

License and royalty revenue decreased 79% or $1,855 for the three months ended March 31, 2022 compared to the same period in the prior year. This decrease was primarily due to the remaining deferred revenue from the terminated license and supply agreement with Fortovia Therapeutics Inc. that was recognized in 2021 and did not reoccur in 2022.

Co-development and research fees decreased 8% or $35 for the three months period ended March 31, 2022 compared to the same period in the prior year. The decrease was driven by the timing of the achievement of research and development performance obligations and are expected to fluctuate from one reporting period to the next.

Proprietary product sales, net increased 21% or $378 for the three months ended March 31, 2022 compared to the same period in the prior year. The increase was due to a steady rise in acceptance with the medical and patient communities over time which led to increased prescriptions for Sympazan, our proprietary product.

Expenses and Other:
 Three Months Ended March 31,Change
(In thousands, except %)20222021$%
Manufacture and supply$4,214 $2,757 $1,457 53 %
Research and development4,773 3,659 1,114 30 %
Selling, general and administrative13,021 13,231 (210)(2)%
Interest expense1,618 2,761 (1,143)(41)%
Interest expense related to the sale of future revenue, net1,861 3,334 (1,473)(44)%
Interest and other expense, net52 (49)(94)